- Max Ernst
- 款識：藝術家簽名 Max Ernst（左下）
- 21 1/4 x 25 3/8 英寸
- 54 x 64.5 公分
53 by 64cm.
Painted in 1928.
Buch und Kunsthandlung Karl Buchholz, Berlin, from January 1939 to January 1945 (on commission for sale from the Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda)
Rosgartenmuseum, Konstanz, 1945-48 on deposit
Galería Buchholz, Madrid, 1948 and Buchholz Gallery, New York, 1949
Curt Valentin, New York (acquired from the above 1949)
Kleeman Galleries, New York (acquired from the estate of the above)
Alexandre Iolas, New York
Acquired from the Estate of the above by the present owner in 1988
Stephanie Barron, Degenerate Art. The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany, Los Angeles, 1991, p. 69, illustrated p. 232
Annegret Janda, Jörn Grabowski, Kunst in Deutschland 1905-1937: die verlorene Sammlung derNationalgalerie im ehemaligen Kronprinzen-Palais, Berlin, 1992, no. 81, p. 99
Anja Tiedemann, Die "entartete" Moderne und ihr amerikanischer Markt: Karl Buchholzund Curt Valentin als Händler verfemter Kunst, Berlin, 2013
This rich, new source of imagery was rapidly refined by Ernst, initially in a series of works on paper, and then, in a further development into the associated technique of grattage in which he covered canvases with a layer of paint before placing them over an object and scraping off the pigment to reveal the patterned surface beneath. In his coquillages – which were among the first manifestations of this technique – Ernst combined large planes of abstract colour with the almost living structures of flowers or shells created through grattage. In Muschelblumen this technique produces a work of mesmerising beauty, contrasting the delicate, organic shapes of the flowers against the dark cosmos of the background.