拍品 12
  • 12

阿爾伯托·賈柯梅蒂

估價
6,000,000 - 8,000,000 USD
已售出
8,789,000 USD
招標截止

描述

  • 阿爾伯托·賈柯梅蒂
  • 《威尼斯的女人 V》
  • 款識:蝕刻簽名 Alberto Giacometti、蓋鑄造廠印章 Susse Fondeur Paris 並標記3/6
  • 青銅

來源

Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York

Private Collection (acquired from the above on November 22, 1960 and sold: Sotheby's, New York, November 7, 2001, lot 27)

Acquired from the above sale

展覽

Vienna, Albertina Museum, Goya bis Picasso. Meisterwerke der Sammlung Jan Krugier und Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski,2005, no. 169, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Munich, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Das Ewige Auge - Von Rembrandt bis Picasso. Meisterwerke aus der Sammlung Jan Krugier und Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski, 2007, no.  221, illustrated in color in the catalogue

出版

XXVIII Esposizione Bienniale Internazionale d'Arte (exhibition catalogue), Padiglioni delle Nazioni (France), Venice, 1956, no. 112, another cast listed

Giacometti, Sculptures, Paintings, Drawings (exhibition catalogue), Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, 1958

Peter Selz, Alberto Giacometti (exhibition catalogue), The Museum of Modern Art, New-York ; The Art Institute of Chicago; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, 1965, no. 53, illustration of another cast p. 69

Franz Meyer, Alberto Giacometti: Eine Kunst Existentiellert Wirklichkeit, Stuttgart, 1968, p. 196

Reinhold Hohl, Alberto Giacometti, Stuttgart, 1971, listed p. 142

Alberto Giacometti (exhibition catalogue), Fondation Maeght, St.-Paul-de-Vence, 1978, no. 89, illustration of another cast p. 102

David Sylvester, Giacometti Sculptures, Paintings, Drawings, London, 1981, no. 23, illustration of another cast p. 32

Giacometti, Sculptures, Paintings, Drawings (exhibition catalogue), Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester; City of Bristol Museum and Art Gallery; Serpentine Gallery, London, 1981, no. 23, illustration of another cast p. 52

James Lord, Alberto Giacometti : a Biography, New York, 1985, discussed pp. 355 and 485

Alberto Giacometti, Sculpturen, Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik (exhibition catalogue), Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin; Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, 1987-88, no. 182, illustration of another cast p. 274

Herbert & Mercedes Matter, Alberto Giacometti photographié par Herbert Matter, Paris, 1987, illustration of another cast pp. 118 and 120

Yves Bonnefoy, Alberto Giacometti, Biographie d'une oeuvre, Paris, 1991, no.  375, illustration of another cast p. 400

Alberto Giacometti, Sculptures, Peintures, Dessins, Musée d'Art Moderne, Fondation Basile et Elise Goulandris, Andros, 1992,  no. 73, illustration of another cast  p. 123

Angela Schneider, Alberto Giacometti, Sculpture, Paintings, Drawings, New York, 1994, illustration of another cast pls.108-114

Thierry Dufrêne, Alberto Giacometti : Les Dimensions de la réalité, Geneva, 1994, discussed p. 168

Alberto Giacometti 1901-1966 (exhibition catalogue), Kunsthalle, Vienna, 1996, no. 218, illustration of another cast p. 78

David Sylvester, Looking at Giacometti, London & New York, 1997, discussed pp. 85 and 117

Jean Soldini, Alberto Giacometti: La Somiglianza intovabile, Milan, 1998, illustration of another cast p. 136

Christian Klemm, Alberto Giacometti (exhibition catalogue), Kunshaus, Zürich; The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001-02, no. 161, illustration of another cast p. 221

拍品資料及來源

"I keep coming back to these women... around them space vibrates," the writer Jean Genet once said of the seminal Femmes de Venise.  The present sculpture is number five of Giacometti's celebrated series of nine standing figures of a female nude, collectively known as the Femmes de Venise. These standing women are perhaps Giacometti's best known works, regarded by many as the artist's most significant contribution to art of the 20th century.  

Of the nine figures, number five is among the more naturalistic.  The form is only one of three in which the arms hang freely distinguishable by the space between the arms and torso that accentuates the figure's cinched torso.  The series originates from a group of ten plasters which Giacometti had produced between January and May 1956 in preparation for the concurrent exhibitions of his work at the Venice Biennale and at the Kunsthalle in Bern in June of that year.  According to recent scholarship by Véronique Wiesinger, six of the plasters were exhibited in Venice as "works in progress" and four were shown in Bern.  Giacometti eventually selected nine of these plasters for casting into bronze in editions of six, plus one artist's proof of each figure.  Regardless of where they were exhibited, each of the nine bronzes is called Femme de Venise.

Genet, who was Giacometti's favorite living author, provided a sensually-evocative descripion of these figures in the essay he published in 1957: "I can't stop touching the statues:  I look away and my hand continues its discoveries of its own accord: neck, head, nape of neck, shoulders... The sensations flow to omy fingertips.  Each one is different, so that my hand traverses an extremely varied and vivid landscape... The backs of these women may be more human than their fronts.  The nape of the neck, the shoulders, the small of the back, the buttocks seem to have been modeled more lovingly than any of the fronts.  Seen from three-quarters, this oscillation from woman to goddess may be what is most disturbing: sometimes the emotion is unbearable... I cannot help returing to this race of gilded and sometimes painted sentries who standing erect, motionless, keep watch" (reprinted in R. Howard, ed., The Selected Writings of Jean Genet, Hopewell, 1993, pp. 323-324).

The Femmes de Venise are direct descendants of the elongated female figures which Giacometti had been working on in the 1940s and precursors of the larger female figure that he would execute in the late 1950s and early 1960s.  Created at the median of this artistic development, the Femmes de Venise serve as the summation of Giacometti's findings in this particular subject.  The variations among the nine Femmes, when considered as a group, demonstrate the metamorphoses of Giacometti's vision of the female form.  From a technical standpoint, the differences in height and anatomy suggest that their numbering might not reflect the sequence in which Giacometti produced them.  Valerie Fletcher has suggested that the nine Femmes were randomly renumbered when the artist selected them from among the original plasters for casting into bronze.

This group of sculptures was created as different states of the same female figure, modeled from a single mass of clay on a single armature.  When Giacometti was satisfied with a particular version, his brother Diego made a plaster cast of it while Giacometti continued to rework the clay into a different figure.  "Every time I work I am prepared to undo without the slightest hesitation the work done the day before, as each day I feel I am seeing further," Giacometti explained in an interview with André Parinaud in 1962.  "Basically I now only work for the sensation I get during the process." ("Why am I a Sculptor?" reprinted in A. Gonzalez, Alberto Giacometti, Works, Writings, Interviews, Barcelona, 2006, p. 151).

All of the Femmes de Venise display the thin, gaunt proportions for which Giacometti is best known, and about which he commented to Sylvester in 1964:  "At one time I wanted to hold on to the volume, and they became so tiny that they used to disappear.  After that I wanted to hold on to a certain height, and they became narrow.  But this was despite myself and even if I fought against it.  And I did fight against it;  I tried to make them broader.  The more I wanted to make them broader, the narrower they got.  But the real explanation is something I don't know, still don't know.  I could only know it through the work that I am going to do" (D. Sylvester, Looking at Giacometti, London and New York, 1997, p. 6).

With its disproportionately small head and large feet accentuated by a sloping pedestal, the overall effect of this tall, slender figure is what Lord termed an "ascending vitality" (J. Lord, op. cit., p. 356).  Reflecting on the impression which the Femmes de Venise make upon the viewer, Lord concludes: "When a spectator's attention is fixed upon the head of one of these figures, the lower part of her body would lack verisimilitude were it not planted firmly upon those enormous feet, because even without looking directly at them, one is aware of their mass... The eye is obliged to move up and down, while one's perception of the sculpture as a whole image becomes an instinctual act, spontaneously responding to the force that drove the sculptor's fingers.  Comparable to the force of gravity, it kept those massive feet so solidly set on the pedestal that they affirmed the physicality of the figure as the one aspect of his creativity which the artist could absolutely count on, all the rest being subject to the unreliability of the mind's eye" (ibid., pp. 356-57).

According to Mary Lisa Palmer, Giacometti would usually send the even-numbered bronzes from the edition to Galerie Maeght in Paris and the odd-numbered casts, including the present bronze, to Pierre Matisse in New York.  Matisse maintained a steady correspondence with Giacometti over the course of their professional relationship, and he helped to establish the artist’s reputation in the United States.  Several casts of the Femmes de Venise passed through Matisse’s galleries and into the collections of some of the most prominent patrons of the arts.   

Femme de Venise V was cast in a numbered edition of 6, plus 3 artist's proofs and one unmarked cast, for a grand total of ten casts in all.  Other casts of this sculpture belong to the Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Von der Heydt Museum, Wuppertal; Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence and Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk.

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