拍品 88
  • 88

清順治 鎏金銅執蓮觀音坐像 《信士白兒黑兔室人黑氏誠造順治拾柒年貳月拾玖日吉旦立》款

估價
10,000,000 - 12,000,000 HKD
已售出
19,720,000 HKD
招標截止

描述

  • 《信士白兒黑兔室人黑氏誠造順治拾柒年貳月拾玖日吉旦立》款
  • gilt-bronze
  • 總高 107 公分,42 英寸
deftly cast and portrayed seated in vajraparyankasana, the serene face with a downcast gaze and a compassionate smile, flanked by long pendulous earlobes suspending elaborately decorated earrings, the hair neatly drawn up and crowned with a diadem securing a miniature effigy of Amitabha, covered by a cowl, with long tresses of knotted hair falling to the shoulders, wearing a shawl and dhoti with floral hems opening at the chest to reveal the beaded necklaces, the undergarment gathered at the waist with ribbons tied below the character fo ('Buddha'), the right hand elegantly holding an ungilded sprig of lotus flower, the left hand lowered with an open palm, all supported on a separate hemispheric pedestal densely decorated with overlapping layers of lotus petals, raised on a pillar wrapped by a pair of intertwining dragons emerging from a turbulent sea, surrounded by further animals including a horse, a pig, a fish, a crab, a conch and a clam, all enclosed within an octagonal balustered stand, one side incised with an inscription in regular script reading xinshi Bai'erheitu shiren Hei shi chengzao, Shunzhi shiqi nian er yue shijiu ri jidan li ('respectfully made by a devotee Bai'erheitu and his wife, maiden name Hei, and installed on the auspicious 19th day in the second month of the 17th year during the Shunzhi reign', corresponding to 1660)

來源

香港佳士得2007年5月29日,編號1576

拍品資料及來源

此菩薩座像,尺寸碩大,極為稀珍。整體中式造型,面生女相,身披佛衣,頭戴天冠,頂罩布縵。此一風格始現於明中晚期,至今仍為東亞地區觀音造像之常見式樣。菩薩手中持蓮,蓮花者,出淤泥而不染,取純潔至淨之意。觀音高坐蓮台,台下無涯苦海,六道輪迴,茫茫無際。苦海之中豬、馬、蝦、蚌,代表芸芸眾生,須得觀音善度方可回頭是岸。

如此尺寸且兼紀年銘文者甚罕。然其風格卻常見於明中晚期鎏金佛像。可參考一尊略小作例,錄於《歷代金銅佛造像特展圖錄》,國立故宮博物院,台北,1996年,編號23(圖一)。另見一十六至十七世紀無座例,售於紐約佳士得1994年12月1日,編號340。亦見一明代無座例,尺寸略小,曾售於香港佳士得1992年9月29日,編號900。本品造像銘文清晰,紀年確細,由此可見清初佛像仍承明風,直至康熙一朝因藏傳佛教盛興,而後漸殆。基於以上原因,加之存世標準器匱乏,許多風格相若之器多被斷為明代。可比一例,尺寸相當,局部鎏金,曾售於紐約蘇富比1991年5月28日,編號148。

從本品之碩大尺寸及所刻銘文可見其供養人當時社會地位之高。據銘文載,其供養之信士為白兒黑兔。此非漢姓,或譯自蒙語。銘文之紀年「順治十七年二月十九日」為觀世音菩薩誕辰之日,於此日供奉尤為祥瑞,可淨除業障,獲福無量。

Close