拍品 36
  • 36

馬克·羅斯科

估價
3,000,000 - 4,000,000 USD
已售出
招標截止

描述

  • 馬克·羅斯科
  • 《無題》
  • 壓克力彩紙本貼於畫布
  • 76 x 48 英寸;193 x 122 公分
  • 1969年作

來源

Estate of Mark Rothko (estate no. 2092.69)
Collection of Kate Rothko Prizel and Christopher Rothko (from 1979)
Pace Gallery, New York
Private Collection, Colorado (acquired from the above in 1985)
Pace Gallery, New York
Private Collection, New York (acquired from the above in 1990)  
Galerie Beyeler, Basel
Sotheby's, New York, November 10, 1993, Lot 24
Private Collection, New Zealand (acquired from the above)

展覽

Basel, Galerie Beyeler, Mark Rothko, November 1990 - January 1991, cat. no. IX, illustrated in color 
Basel, Galerie Beyeler, Homage to Francis Bacon, June - September 1992, cat. no. 51, not illustrated
Hildesheim, Roemer und Pelizaeus Museum, Passion, May - June 1993, p. 94, illustrated in color

出版

Jacob Baal-Teshuva, Mark Rothko, 1903-1970 Pictures of Drama, Cologne, 2003, p. 89, illustrated in color

拍品資料及來源

In the pictures that he created throughout his legendary career, Mark Rothko strove to convey infinity within the confines of the finite. Driven by a dogged pursuit of luminescence, the artist created a corpus of works that seek to convey the essence of pure light through the mesmerizing conflation of form and color. Thus it is unsurprising that, in the course of this quest Rothko arrived at the medium of paper, and its paradoxical ability to concurrently absorb and reflect light. Untitled, 1969, is stunning in scale for a work on paper by Rothko and enchanting in its subtle tonality, attesting to the absolute equality of import that exists between Rothko’s canvases and his paintings on paper. Emitting an aura of contemplative serenity in the tradition of the artist’s most esteemed monumental canvases, the present work makes manifest Dore Ashton’s declaration that Rothko “conjured light and he conjured shadow, as painters have always done, but he did so in the service of an ideal that transcended both, and that can only be felt and not thought.” (Dore Ashton in Bonnie Clearwater, Mark Rothko, New York, 1984, p. 13)

During the summer of 1968, Mark Rothko began a series of oil paintings on paper predominated by a combination of brown and gray hues. He divided his sheets into two zones, layering the top half with smooth brown paint and transferring his gray pigment onto the bottom half in diaphanous swathes. The particularities inherent in the materials that the artist used contributed greatly to the appearance of works such as Untitled, as the paper’s fibers soaked up the fluid paint, resulting in a surface seemingly undisturbed by the artist’s gesture and bristling with enigmatic potentiality. In these works, and counter to Rothko’s earlier paintings, the distinct fields of color do not float on a discretely monochromatic ground but are instead bound by the narrow white border that circumscribes the canvas. Though seemingly more entrenched within the framing device of the white border, the brown and grey zones of Untitled still express an impossibly subtle sense of movement, most perceptible in the slight undulation that occurs when the colors coincide. Faintly allusive of a horizon line besieged by fog as in the brooding Romantic seascapes of Caspar David Friedrich, this meeting point becomes the crux of the composition, wherein Rothko achieved his art’s ultimate objective.

The series of works on paper to which Untitled belongs was the inspiration for a concurrent group of Black and Gray paintings, among the final expressions of the artist’s oeuvre. In their composition and chromatic sensibility, these works are irrevocably linked, jointly constituting the ultimate stage of exploration and experimentation in the career of the foremost pioneer of Abstract Expressionism. Thomas Hess, in a discussion of the Black and Gray paintings, elucidated their cardinal importance: “The Black and Gray paintings seem very much a part of Rothko’s sensibility: the elegance (in a mathematician’s sense of the word) with which the paint is applied, the extreme sensitivity of the ‘horizon’ where black and grey meet, the particular gleam in the white edge – a kind of dancing light… I am reminded of Barnett Newman’s remark that when an artist gives up colors and moves into black and white, he is clearing the decks for something new, freeing himself for fresh experiment. Rothko’s paintings have this nascent excitement.” (Thomas B. Hess, “Rothko: A Venetian Souvenir,” Art News, 69, no. 7, November 1970, p. 74) While scholarship on Rothko’s art often reads the somber tones of works such as Untitled as indicative of Rothko’s psychological state in the last year of his life, Hess’ statement conversely positions this conclusive series as the kernel of an entirely new aesthetic agenda, one that the artist feverishly and passionately pursued. Untitled captures within its expansive borders Mark Rothko’s definitively brilliant ability to harness the forces of color, contour, and shadow to transport his viewer out of the realm of the mundane, thereby bearing witness to Dore Ashton’s remark that, “Rothko had reduced his imagery to the most subtle analogies of states of the soul and, with a mixture of perplexity and exaltation, had pursued a vision.” (Ibid., p. 12)

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