This vase is notable for the crisp and naturalistic rendering of the peonies which elegantly scroll around the body of the vase, and for the luminescence of the glaze. A larger vase of this type in the Palace Museum, Beijing, is illustrated in Longquan qingci, Beijing, 1966, pl. 41; and vases with their mouths reduced, in the Topkapi Saray Museum, Istanbul, are published in Regina Krahl, Chinese Ceramics in the Topkapi Saray Museum, vol. 1, London, 1986, nos 204 and 205. Smaller and simpler examples have been found on a shipwreck off the coast of Sinan, South Korea, datable to approximately the third decade of the 14th century, and were included in the Special Exhibition of Cultural Relics Found Off Sinan Coast, Seoul, National Museum of Korea, 1977, cat. no. 23.
Longquan wares with moulded and applied decoration first appeared in the late Song dynasty and were produced in large quantities during the Yuan. They were assembled in sections and instead of having a base, their bottom section was closed with an inverted saucer-shaped piece of clay. Compare a similarly shaped yenyen vase from the Percival David Foundation, and now in the British Museum, London, inscribed with the date corresponding to 1327, illustrated in Margaret Medley, Yuan Porcelain and Stoneware, London, 1974, pl. 58.
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