Ludwig of Bavaria succeeded his father, King Maximilian II, in 1864. As a ruler he became a devoted patron of the arts, and sponsored the work of the composer Richard Wagner. While Ludwig did not have much political success, he thrived in the artistic and cultural fields. Deeply interested in mythological history and convinced of his divine right to rule, he built the famous Neuschwanstein Castle and Schloss Linderhof. He gradually withdrew himself from state affairs in favour of focusing his attention and money on extravagant artistic and architectural projects. His passion projects ultimately plunged him into 14 million marks of debt. This led to a plot in 1886 by the government to depose him as king on account of mental illness. He was removed from the throne and sent to Berg Castle. A day later, he was found drowned in the Lake of Starnberg.
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