117
117
[Louisiana Purchase] — Laussat, Pierre Clément de
MANUSCRIPT LETTER, SIGNED, FROM PIERRE LAUSSAT, THE COLONIAL PREFECT OF LOUISIANA, TO FRENCH GENERAL ROCHAMBEAU, INFORMING HIM OF THE IMPENDING TRANSFER OF LOUISIANA TO THE UNITED STATES, AND OF HIS INABILITY TO SEND SUPPLIES TO ROCHAMBEAU IN HAITI.
Estimation
16 00018 000
Lot. Vendu 20,000 USD (Prix d’adjudication avec commission acheteur)
ACCÉDER AU LOT
117
[Louisiana Purchase] — Laussat, Pierre Clément de
MANUSCRIPT LETTER, SIGNED, FROM PIERRE LAUSSAT, THE COLONIAL PREFECT OF LOUISIANA, TO FRENCH GENERAL ROCHAMBEAU, INFORMING HIM OF THE IMPENDING TRANSFER OF LOUISIANA TO THE UNITED STATES, AND OF HIS INABILITY TO SEND SUPPLIES TO ROCHAMBEAU IN HAITI.
Estimation
16 00018 000
Lot. Vendu 20,000 USD (Prix d’adjudication avec commission acheteur)
ACCÉDER AU LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography

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[Louisiana Purchase] — Laussat, Pierre Clément de
MANUSCRIPT LETTER, SIGNED, FROM PIERRE LAUSSAT, THE COLONIAL PREFECT OF LOUISIANA, TO FRENCH GENERAL ROCHAMBEAU, INFORMING HIM OF THE IMPENDING TRANSFER OF LOUISIANA TO THE UNITED STATES, AND OF HIS INABILITY TO SEND SUPPLIES TO ROCHAMBEAU IN HAITI.
3 pp. letter on a folded folio sheet, with engraved scene entitled "Republique Francaise" at the top of the first page, addressed in manuscript on the fourth page "au General en chef Rochambeau, Capitaine General de l'Ile St. Domingue", written from New Orleans, and dated September 30, 1803 [i.e. 7 Vendémiaire, an 12]. 

One-inch tear in center of vertical fold with some small tape repairs, where wax seal had been affixed, not affecting any text.


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Description

COMMISSIONER LAUSSAT WRITES OF THE IMPENDING TRANSFER OF LOUISIANA TO THE UNITED STATES

An excellent letter from the French Colonial Prefect of Louisiana, informing the French general in charge of suppressing the slave uprising in Haiti that he has few supplies to send him, and also transmitting information of the impending transfer of the Louisiana Territory to the United States. Laussat's letter to Rochambeau, informing him that he has little in the way of supplies to send and that Louisiana will soon be given to the United States, is a prime example of the United States finding advantage in Europe's distress.

The Louisiana Purchase Treaty had been signed on April 30, 1803, and though rumors of the transaction were rampant, official news of the transfer circulated slowly throughout French political and military circles. At the time the letter was written, the impending transaction was still a state secret; the treaty would not be ratified by the U.S. Senate until the next week. The sale was partially motivated by circumstances in Haiti, where France was losing the struggle to put down the independence movement. The fight against the Haitians was costing the lives of thousands of French soldiers, and was putting a strain on the treasury. The resumption of European hostilities meant that the Royal Navy could cut off any supplies from Europe, and Napoleon had decided to abandon his American strategy. Within three months of this letter Louisiana would belong to the United States and Rochambeau would surrender his forces in Haiti to the British rather than be massacred by the insurgents.

Pierre Clément de Laussat, the last French Colonial Prefect of Louisiana, arrived there in late March, 1803, just a month before the Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed. This letter, on his official letterhead (with the seal of the French Republic and the engraved text "Marine. Colonie. Louisiane."), is written to the French general in command of Saint Domingue (Haiti), Donatien-Marie-Joseph de Vimeur, the Vicomte de Rochambeau (son of the Comte de Rochambeau, who led French forces in the American Revolution).

Laussat writes (in translation from the French): "I've learned with a great deal of probability of the cession of Louisiana to the United States, but up until now I have neither orders, nor instructions, nor official advice of any kind. If the cutter could have been loaded with flour, as proposed...I would have taken upon myself to send you some....In the event that the Government authorizes me to use my resources to assist you, I would try at once to combine the liveliest and most eager zeal with the necessary prudence; these resources, I must tell you, General, are fewer than you would think." Laussat also criticizes the actions of the captain of the French cutter that had come to New Orleans to receive the supplies. Dramatic events would take place in Louisiana and Haiti over the next few weeks. On November 18, 1803 the French army under Rochambeau was devastated by Haitian forces at the Battle of Vertieres, and proclaimed its independence shortly thereafter. Laussat had been hearing rumors since his arrival of a potential sale of Louisiana to the Americans, and those rumors were officially confirmed to him in August. On December 20, 1803 he presided over the ceremony officially transferring the Louisiana Territory to the United States.

Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography

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