Charles F. Summers was the son of English sculptor Charles Summers (1825-1878). Having been diagnosed with suspected tuberculosis at the age of twenty seven, Charles Summers sailed to Melbourne and for the next decade was the most successful sculptor in colonial Australia. His son, Charles F. Summers, was born in Richmond, Victoria in 1857 or 1858. Charles Summers returned to England in 1867, then moved to Rome to establish a studio, where he was joined by his son in 1869. Charles Summers died in 1878 and is buried in Rome; his son continued to live and work there for 30 years, studying first under Professors Seitz and Chelli, and then working closely with the Italian sculptors G. B. Lombardi and G. M. Benzoni. An example of a notable work carved by C. F. Summers after a design by Benzoni, The Flight from Pompeii, is located in the Statuary house of the Ballarat Botanical Gardens, Victoria, Australia. During his long career, C. F. Summer's took commissions from the United States, Russia, Finland, and elsewhere in Europe, as well as from the Siamese Royal family. Another example of this sculpture, designed and carved by Summers, can be found at the Rotorua Museum and Art Gallery, New Zealand (OP-2954), one of eleven works by the artist there and and thus the largest known holding of C.F. Summers' works in the world. Charles F. Summers' is arguably the first noteworthy Australian-born sculptor, though his works rarely appear at auction. Another work by the sculptor, after the Antique and in weathered condition, was sold Christie's Melbourne, 17-18 September 2002, lot 23 ($99,875 including premium).