About the Museum
The Naples National Archaeological Museum is considered the most important Italian archaeological museum and one of the most important in the world for classical, and particularly ancient Roman, archaeology. Its collection includes works of the highest quality produced in Greek, Roman and Renaissance times and especially Roman artifacts from nearby Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum.he museum hosts extensive collections of Greek and Roman antiquities. Their core is from the Farnese Collection, which includes a collection of engraved gems (including the Farnese Cup, a Ptolemaic bowl made of sardonyx agate and the most famous piece in the "Treasure of the Magnificent", and is founded upon gems collected by Cosimo de' Medici and Lorenzo il Magnifico in the 15th century) and the Farnese Marbles. Among the notable works found in the museum are the Herculaneum papyri, carbonized by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, found after 1752 in Villa of the Papyri.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons: Istvánka