Prehistoric Earth

Prehistoric Earth

View full screen - View 1 of Lot 82. Woolly Mammoth Skull | 真猛獁象頭骨.

Woolly Mammoth Skull | 真猛獁象頭骨

Auction Closed

October 6, 02:08 AM GMT


2,400,000 - 4,000,000 HKD

Lot Details


Mammuthus primigenius

Middle Pleistocene – Late Holocene (2.6 million – 10,000 years ago)

Siberia, Russia

Exhibition-ready mounted skull, measuring7 1/2 feet long from back of skull to edge of tusks, 4 feet 10 inches wide, and rising to 8 feet tall on custom stand, the curving tusks measuring approximately 9 feet long and 5 1/2 inches in diameter.

The skull is extremely well preserved, intact and complete with its original molars. The tusks represent a natural pair showing the characteristic spiral curvature of large adult mammoths. Moderate natural wear made during life is visible on the anterior surfaces on both tusks. They are polished revealing a natural marble pattern in various earth tones against an exceptional vivianite blue patina.


The skull and tusks are professionally mounted on a custom designed metal stand. The metal stand is polished contributing greatly to its aesthetic appeal allowing this magnificent specimen to be displayed as an imposing sculpture.


中更新世 - 晚全新世 (260萬至1萬年前)




Discovered in Siberia, Russia ca 2018;

Lithuanian dealer, acquired from the above, 2020;

Dealer in the Netherlands, acquired from the above, 2020;

American Collection, acquired from the above, 2021





The Woolly Mammoth is an extinct species of Elephantidae that has been depicted on numerous cave walls and in hand carved effigies made by Paleolithic man. Many archeological sites throughout Eurasia and North America have established the close relationship between the Woolly Mammoth ancient human hunters.


The Mammoth's popularity as an Ice Age icon is unequaled, and have been a familiar image since the Victorian times. Mammoth skulls, skeletons, including mummified frozen remains are featured in numerous public museum exhibits around the world. In life, the mammoth’s body was covered with long hair and thick body fat, and the elongated curved tusks were used as a snowplow to uncover buried vegetation, marking some of the distinguishing features of a hyper-polar adaptation needed for mammoths to exist in arctic conditions.


The Cyclops monster from ancient Greek and Roman mythology may have had its origins in the encountering of fossil mammoth skull, as the large opening in the middle of the skull, which is actually the nasal cavity for the trunk, may have been misinterpreted as a single eye socket.

The present specimen is distinguished by the striking blue and blue-green colors swirled in the tusks, the result of the skull having fossilized in soil containing the mineral Vivianite. Vivianite, named for John Henry Vivian, the mineralogist who discovered it in 1817 in England, is a rare phosphate mineral, often found growing on iron-rich deposits with organic materials, including decomposed bodies. In order for Vivianite to form, the conditions must be exactly right; the soil must be rich in iron, water must be present in that soil, and most importantly, phosphate must be present. When phosphate, which is present in abundance in the tusks of Woolly Mammoths (as well as human teeth) comes into contact with the iron and water, the mineral Vivianite is formed, which, during the fossilization process, slowly replaces the original tusk material.






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