View full screen - View 1 of Lot 233. The Guo Ji Shi Zi Zu Hu, Late Western Zhou dynasty, late 9th or 8th century BC | 西周末 公元前九世紀末或八世紀 虢季氏子組壺.

The Guo Ji Shi Zi Zu Hu, Late Western Zhou dynasty, late 9th or 8th century BC | 西周末 公元前九世紀末或八世紀 虢季氏子組壺

The Guo Ji Shi Zi Zu Hu, Late Western Zhou dynasty, late 9th or 8th century BC | 西周末 公元前九世紀末或八世紀 虢季氏子組壺

The Guo Ji Shi Zi Zu Hu, Late Western Zhou dynasty, late 9th or 8th century BC | 西周末 公元前九世紀末或八世紀 虢季氏子組壺

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The Guo Ji Shi Zi Zu Hu

Late Western Zhou dynasty, late 9th or 8th century BC

西周末 公元前九世紀末或八世紀 虢季氏子組壺

cast to the interior of the neck with a seventeen-character inscription reading guo ji shi zi zu zuo bao hu zi zi sun sun yong bao qi yong xiang


虢季氏子組作寶壺 子子孫孫永寶其用享

Height 16¾ in., 42.5 cm

Overall in good condition, except for a minor consolidated vertical hairline crack to one side of the body (does not go through). Some expected age-consistent wear and minor casting imperfections, including an original casting patch to the base. X-Ray images available upon request.


Because this lot was imported into the United States after September 1, 2020, it is subject to an import tariff of 7.5% of the value declared upon entry into the United States. $75,000, plus applicable sales tax will be included on your invoice unless you instruct Sotheby's to arrange shipping of the lot to a foreign address. For more information on the import tariff, please review the Symbol Key in the back of the catalogue. If you have any questions, please contact

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Discovered in Fengxiang county, Shaanxi province, in the Qing dynasty, perhaps in the late Qianlong period (by repute).

Collection of Wu Yun (1811-1883), prior to 1872.

Collection of Li Hongyi (1831-1885).

Collection of Zou An (1864-1940).

American Private Collection.






Wu Yun, Liangleixuan yiqi tushi (Illustrated study of the ritual vessels in the Liangleixuan), 1872, vol. 7, pp 4 and 5 (woodblock illustration of vessel and inscription).

Wu Yun, Liangleixuan chidu (Letters from the Liangleixuan), 1886, vol. 8, p. 10 (rubbing discussed).

Wu Yun, Liangleixuan cangqi mu (List of objects in the Liangleixuan Collection), 1895 (vessel recorded).

Wu Dacheng, Kezhai jigu lu (Kezhai’s record of collecting antiquities), 1896, vol. 14, p. 10 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Fang Junyi, Zhuiyizhai yiqi kuanzhi kaoshi (Investigation of bronze inscriptions on ritual vessels in the Zhuiyizhai), 1899, vol. 13, p. 19 (drawing of inscription illustrated).

Wang Guowei, Guochao jinwen zhulu biao (List of bronze inscriptions recorded in the present [Qing] dynasty), 1914, list 3, p. 20 (vessel recorded).

Zou An, Zhou jinwen cun (Surviving bronze inscriptions from the Zhou dynasty), 1915, vol. 5, p. 50 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Zou An, Shuangwang Xizhai jinshi tulu (Illustrated record of bronzes and stelae in the Two Kings’ Seals Studio), 1916, vol. 4, p. 6 (vessel and rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Chu Deyi, Jinshi xuelu xubu [Sequel to the supplements of the studies of archaic bronze inscriptions], 1919, vol. 2, p. 5 (vessel discussed).

Shimonaka Yasaburō, Shodō zenshū (Complete collection of calligraphy), Tokyo, 1931, vol. 1, p. 198 top (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Luo Fuyi, Sandai Qin Han jinwen zhulu biao (List of recorded bronze inscriptions of the Three Dynasties, the Qin and the Han), Beiping, 1933, vol. 4, p. 6 (vessel recorded).

Liu Tizhi, Xiaojiao Jingge jinwen taben (Rubbings of bronze inscriptions in the Xiaojiao Jingge), 1935, vol. 4, p. 85 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Ke Changsi, Mizhai jinwen taben (Rubbings of bronze inscriptions from Mizhai), Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 1931-1941 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Wu Qichang, Jinwen lishuo shuzheng (Critical examination of calendars in bronze inscriptions), Shanghai, 1934, vol. 5, p. 31 (vessel recorded).

Guo Moruo, Liang Zhou jinwenci daxi tulu kaoshi (Illustrated record and investigation of the great corpus of bronze inscriptions of the two Zhou periods), Tokyo, 1935, tubian, fig. 185, lubian, p. 231 (vessel and rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Luo Zhenyu, Sandai jijin wencun (Surviving bronze inscriptions from the Three Dynasties), Beijing, 1937, vol. 12, p. 16 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

John Calvin Ferguson, Lidai zhulu jijin mu (List of bronzes in ancient records), Shanghai, 1937, p. 218 (vessel recorded).

Rong Geng, Shang Zhou yiqi tongkao (A comprehensive study of Shang and Zhou ritual vessels), Beijing, 1941, fig. 729 (vessel illustrated).

Shirakawa Shizuka, Kimbun no sekai (General interpretation of bronze inscriptions), Tokyo, 1964, vol. 4, p. 61 top (vessel illustrated).

Zhou Fagao, Sandai jijin wencun zhulu biao (List of surviving bronze inscriptions from the Three Dynasties), Taipei, 1977, vol. 2, p. 441 (vessel recorded).

Sun Zhichu, Jinwen zhulu jianmu (Concise list of recorded bronze inscriptions), Beijing, 1981, p. 303, no. 5244 (vessel recorded).

Guwenzi yanjiu (Study of ancient characters), Beijing, 1982, vol. 7, p. 155 (vessel discussed).

Yan Yiping, Jinwen zongji (Corpus of bronze inscriptions), Taipei, 1983, no. 5748 (woodblock illustration of vessel and rubbing of inscription).

The Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Yin Zhou jinwen jicheng (Compendium of Yin and Zhou bronze inscriptions), Beijing, 1984, no. 9655 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Tang Lan, Xi Zhou qingtong qi mingwen fendai shizheng (Chronological examination of important Western Zhou bronze inscriptions), Beijing, 1986, appendix 2, p. 517 (vessel recorded).

Li Feng, ‘Guo guo mudi tongqiqun de fenqi ji xiangguan wenti (Dating of the bronzes from the Guo state tombs and related questions)’, Kaogu, Beijing, no. 11, 1988, p. 1042 (vessel discussed).  

Wu Zhenfeng, Shaanxi jinwen huibian (Corpus of bronze inscriptions from Shaanxi province), Xi’an, 1989, vol. 2, p. 690 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Tang Funian, Xi Zhou qingtong qi mingwen fendai shizheng qi yingji (Illustrations of the vessels [included] in Chronological Examination of Important Western Zhou Bronze Inscriptions), Beijing, 1993, p. 109, no. 365 (vessel illustrated).

Wang Bin, ed., Guo guo mudi de faxian yu yanjiu (The discovery and study of the archaeological sites of the Guo state), Beijing, 2000, p. 30 (vessel discussed).

The Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, ed., Yinzhou jinwen jichengshiwen (Interpretations of the compendium of Yin and Zhou bronze inscriptions), Hong Kong, 2001, vol. 5, no. 9655 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Guo Moruo quanji (The complete collection of works by Guo Moruo), Beijing, vol. 7, 2002, pp 119 and 620 (vessel and rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Wu Zhenfeng, Jinwen renming huibian (Compilation of the names from bronze inscriptions), Beijing, 2006, 379 (vessel discussed).

Liang Ningsen and Zheng Jianying, Guo guo yanjiu (Study of the Guo state), Zhengzhou, 2007, pp 95 and 96 (vessel and inscription discussed).

Liu Yu, Shang Zhou jinwen zhulu zongbiao (Comprehensive list of recorded Shang and Zhou bronze inscriptions), Beijing, 2008, no. 10549 (vessel recorded).

Huo Yanru & Xin Yihua, Shang Zhou jinwen bian. Baoji chutu qingtong qi mingwen jicheng (List of Shang and Zhou bronze inscriptions. Compendium of important inscriptions on bronzes excavated in Baoji), Xi’an, 2009, no. 662 (rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Rong Geng xueshu zhuzuo quanji (The complete collection of the academic works by Rong Geng), Beijing, vol. 8, 2011, p. 386 (vessel illustrated).

Wu Zhenfeng, Shang Zhou qingtong qi mingwen ji tuxiang jicheng (Compendium of important inscriptions and images of bronzes from the Shang and Zhou dynasties), Shanghai, 2012, vol. 22, no. 12351 (vessel and rubbing of inscription illustrated).

Tian Shuai, ‘Qiantan Guo Ji shi jiazu qingtong qi jianlun Xi Zhou wanqi qingquan (Discussion on the bronzes from the Guo Ji family and the power of qingshi)’, Sichuan wenwu / Sichuan Cultural Relics, Chengdu, no. 2, 2013, p. 58 (vessel discussed).  

Zhang Tianen, Shaanxi jinwen jicheng (Compendium of bronze inscriptions from Shaanxi), Xi’an, 2016, vol. 7, no. 0730 (vessel and rubbing of inscription illustrated).

















福開森 ,《歷代著錄吉金目》,1937年,頁218(器記錄)