View full screen - View 1 of Lot 32. A Royal Louis XV Gilt-Bronze Mounted Kingwood and Parquetry Commode by Coulon, Mid-18th Century.
32

A Royal Louis XV Gilt-Bronze Mounted Kingwood and Parquetry Commode by Coulon, Mid-18th Century

Property of a Distinguished Lady

A Royal Louis XV Gilt-Bronze Mounted Kingwood and Parquetry Commode by Coulon, Mid-18th Century

A Royal Louis XV Gilt-Bronze Mounted Kingwood and Parquetry Commode by Coulon, Mid-18th Century

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Property of a Distinguished Lady


A Louis XV Gilt-Bronze Mounted Kingwood and Parquetry Commode by Coulon, Mid-18th Century

reveneered and remounted, with later serpentine moulded Brèche d'Alep marble top above a bombé case decorated overall with trellis parquetry and mounted sans traverse with foliate rocaille encadrement mounts, with pierced foliate rocaille-cast chutes, the sides similarly inlaid and mounted, on splayed legs, the reverse with black painted and stenciled royal inventory inscription No. 2378


height 34 3/4 in.; width 57 1/2 in.; depth 25 1/4 in.

88 cm; 146 cm; 64 cm


Balthazar Coulon, maître before 1740

Overall in good preserved condition. Base with some minor evidence of old woodworm activity which no longer appears to be active. Some miniscule lifting of veneer at right side of the commode. Right leg with miniscule dent.


The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

Delivered in 1765 by Gilles Joubert to Pierre-Elisabeth de Fontanieu, Intendant du Garde Meuble Royal, en suite with a secretaire (2379) and a pair of corner cupboards (2380)

Later sent to Versailles, where it was recorded in 1792

Segoura, Christie's New York, 18 October 2006, lot 117

Although stamped by Coulon, this commode was actually delivered in December 1765 by the ébéniste de la Couronne, Gilles Joubert, for Pierre-Elisabeth de Fontanieu who had succeeded in 1767 his father (and his grandfather) as intendant et contrôleur général des Meubles de la Couronne, a post which he carried out until 1783. It was delivered, along with two other pieces which follow the numbering of the commode, a secretaire and a pair of encoignures (nos 2379 & 2380), for the personal apartment of Fontanieu in the hôtel du Garde-Meuble Royal in Paris. Although the page corresponding to its delivery in the Journal du Garde-Meuble de la Couronne is missing, it is mentioned briefly in a summary of the Journal du Garde-Meuble. Moreover, it is described in detail in a general inventory of furniture and bronzes of the palace of Versailles, in 1790, that description repeating word by word (as it always did) the former entry in the Journal du Garde-Meuble Royal:


"N0 2378. Une commode de forme à la régence en bois de palissandre et amaranthe dessin à mosaique encadri de panneaux de bronze rocaille, le dessus de breche d'Alep, la devanture ' deux grands tiroirs garnis d'entrées de serrure et poignées fixes, sabots à tiges et chutes, le tout de bronze rocaille doré d'or moulu, ladite de 4 pieds 6 pouces [146cm], 26 pouces de large [70cm], sur 33 pouces de hauteur [89cm] " (Archives nationales, O1 3358, fol. 8).


The subcontracting practices of the ébénistes de la Couronne are well established and Joubert was no exception. He repeatedly used the work of his fellow ébénistes, such as RVLC, Boudin, Dubois, Criard, Deloose, Macret, Bayer, Cramer and Péridiez. With Coulon, such subcontracting practices would be even more likely, since he was very close to Joubert. When the latter's wife, Michèle Collet, died in 1771, Coulon was entrusted, along with Denizot, with the inventory of the estate and when Joubert himself died in 1775, Coulon was named his executor (exécuteur testamentaire).


The current design of the marquetry is probably imitating the original mosaique design of inlay.