View full screen - View 1 of Lot 812. A large painted 'spirals' pottery jar, Majiayao culture, Machang phase, c. 2200-2000 B.C. 馬家窰文化 馬廠類型 渦紋彩陶壺.
812

A large painted 'spirals' pottery jar, Majiayao culture, Machang phase, c. 2200-2000 B.C. 馬家窰文化 馬廠類型 渦紋彩陶壺

Property from the Ronald W. Longsdorf Collection | Ronald W. Longsdorf 收藏

A large painted 'spirals' pottery jar, Majiayao culture, Machang phase, c. 2200-2000 B.C. 馬家窰文化 馬廠類型 渦紋彩陶壺

A large painted 'spirals' pottery jar, Majiayao culture, Machang phase, c. 2200-2000 B.C. 馬家窰文化 馬廠類型 渦紋彩陶壺

Property from the Ronald W. Longsdorf Collection

A large painted 'spirals' pottery jar,

Majiayao culture, Machang phase, c. 2200-2000 B.C.

Ronald W. Longsdorf 收藏

馬家窰文化 馬廠類型 渦紋彩陶壺


h. 33.5 cm

Overall very good condition with occasional old flakes to the edges and typical age cracks, including one to the slightly warped section of the rim. The painting has been generally well preserved. 

整體品相良好,偶見邊沿舊剝痕及舊裂紋包括一處於口沿。彩繪保存良好。



The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

The Mengdiexuan Collection


夢蝶軒收藏

Ronald W. Longsdorf, The Pottery Age: An Appreciation of Neolithic Ceramics from China, Circa 7000 BC - Circa 1000 BC, Hong Kong, 2020, pl. 26.


Ronald W. Longsdorf, 《陶誌:中國新石器時代陶器 約西元前7000年 – 前1000年》,香港,2020年,圖版26

While pottery jars painted with spiral motifs from the Neolithic cultures in China and beyond are not uncommon, it is very rare to find one that is skilfully potted with a sharp edge at the midpoint as seen on the current jar, as though delineating the upper painted and lower plain sections.


See a comparable vessel from the Machang phase, illustrated in The Complete Works of Chinese Ceramics. Vol. I Neolithic Age, Shanghai, 2000, no. 120, and one outside of China from the Cucuteni culture in Danube Valley, included in David W. Anthony and Jennifer Y. Chi, eds., The Lost World of Old Europe, The Danube Valley, 5000-3500 BC, New York, 2010, nos 6-26. It is unknown what natural phenomenon the spiral motif would have represented exactly, but its wide employment across cultures signifies its importance.


The spiral motifs rendered on the present example are especially noteworthy; powerfully decorated with a strong dark outline, the thick spirals contrast sharply with the unpainted tan ground. The uneven negative spaces between the spirals are thoughtfully disguised by the insertion of smaller roundels between them, resulting in a hypnotising design timeless to even the modern eye.


It is widely believed that such jars were intended to be viewed from the top, which probably explains why they are usually undecorated from the midpoint of the vessel as they would remain invisible to the eye. 


渦紋在中國新石器時代及之後所製的陶器上經常可見,但如本品般於壺身中間折腹,且折沿清晰分明者,實為珍稀罕見。如此設計,如畫下楚河漢界,使器具上半畫飾部分與下半素面部分界線更為分明。


馬廠類型近例可見《中國陶瓷全集・卷1・新石器時代》,上海,2000年,編號120。另一近例來自中國以外的奧地利多瑙河山谷庫庫泰尼(Cucuteni)文化,可參考 David W. Anthony 與 Jennifer Y. Chi 編纂《The Lost World of Old Europe, The Danube Valley, 5000-3500 BC》,紐約,2010年,編號6-26。如今已無從考究渦紋所象徵為大自然何物,但綜觀世界各地的古文明,其廣泛使用已可見此紋飾對人類的非凡意義。


本品所飾渦紋尤其出色,以深棕色勾勒的漩渦線條與並未施彩的土色背景對比鮮明突出。渦紋間留白的空間大小不一,匠人巧以圓點綴飾,整體設計更平衡雅麗,即便以今日審美,仍然雋永不朽。


此類器形的紋飾大多聚集於器身上半,而下半則維持素面。考古學界普遍認為當時陶罐皆存放於地上淺坑,以防儲存時輕易碰跌,因此匠人只會在俯瞰之時能觀賞到的器面繪上華美圖案。