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98

William Simpson

Thaul Ghaut Incline Ehegaor Viaduct

William Simpson

William Simpson

Thaul Ghaut Incline Ehegaor Viaduct

Thaul Ghaut Incline Ehegaor Viaduct

William Simpson

Glasgow 1823 - 1899 London

Thaul Ghaut Incline Ehegaor Viaduct


Watercolour over pencil heightened with bodycolour; 

signed and dated lower right: W.m Simpson 1862, inscribed lower left: Thaul Ghaut Incline Ehegaor Viaduct, unframed 

350 by 495 mm

The work is well preserved with good original colour. At the extreme edges of the sheet, there are pigment loss and remains of an old mount. These defects are covered up by the present, museum quality mount.


The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

With The Chris Beetles Gallery, London
London, The Chris Beetles Gallery, The Summer Show, 2019, no. 46

Thal Ghat and Bhor Ghat, in the Indian state of Maharashtra, are parts of the mountain range known as the Western Ghats. Both carry major rail routes from Mumbai; Bhor Ghat, carries that to Pune, to the southeast of Mumbai, while Thal Ghat carries that via Kassara to Nashik, to the northeast. Those routes were constructed by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, which was founded in 1849, during the control of the British East Indian Company, and developed in the early days of the British Raj.


The first passenger train ran on 16 April 1853, from Mumbai (then known as Bombay) to Thana (Tanna). By 14 June 1858, the line had been extended to Pune (Poona), though the viaduct that crossed the Bhor Ghat took another five years to complete; in the intervening period, that part of the route was served by palanquin, pony or cart.


The line to Kasara (Kassarah) was opened on 1 January 1861, while the section beyond which crosses Thal Ghat and leads to Igatpuri (Egutpoora), was opened on 1 January 1865. Both routes were the result of outstanding achievements in civil engineering. For instance, the original incline through Bhor Ghat involved the construction of 25 tunnels, 8 arched masonry viaducts and numerous embankments.


William Simpson observed and recorded the progress of the railway in January 1862, near the end of his extended stay in India. In his autobiography he wrote: ‘The railway was then working from the top of the Thul Ghat at Egatpoora to Chalesgaum, or Deololee. I came by rail therefore to the top of the ghat, made sketches, and then went on to the Bhore Ghat and made sketches of it. These were heavy works, and were not finished at the time of my visit.’


G. Eyre-Todd (ed), the Autobiography of William Simpson, RI, London 1903, p. 171