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749

Circle of the Rimini Master Southern Netherlands, second half 15th century

two apostles

Estimate:

20,000

to
- 40,000 USD

Property from the Collection of David and Louise Carter

Circle of the Rimini Master Southern Netherlands, second half 15th century

Circle of the Rimini Master Southern Netherlands, second half 15th century

two apostles

two apostles

Estimate:

20,000

to
- 40,000 USD

Lot sold:

138,600

USD

Circle of the Rimini Master

Southern Netherlands, second half 15th century

two apostles


alabaster

heights 9 1/4 in.; 23.5cm.

Both with some surface abrasions and chipping, particularly on edges of drapery and around bases. One with chip to bridge of nose and loss of proper right hand. The other with chip to forefinger on proper right hand and loss of implement in proper left hand. Repaired break to proper left shoulder and upper arm area, as well as to neck. Each with hole on underside for attachment. There may be slight sharpening in the face of the second figure.

 

The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

Collection Ozenfant, Lille, acquired 1864;
Thence by descent to Chanoine Paul Bernard, Lille, until 1962;
Dr. Albert Habart, Calais;
Julius Böhler, Munich;
From whom acquired, 1973
Lille, Exposition de Lille : études sur les objets d'art religieux réunis à Lille en 1874 à l'Hôtel de l'ancienne préfecture du nord, siège actuel de l'Université catholique, Arras, 1876, cat. nos. 554 and 555

While there is general consensus that the workshop of the Rimini Master was situated in Northern France or in the Southern Netherlands, the name derives from an impressive 15th century alabaster Crucifixion altar, formerly in Santa Maria delle Grazie, Rimini now in the Liebieghaus, Frankfurt. 


The Rimini altar is centered by the crucified Christ flanked by the two thieves, with figures of the twelve apostles below. Like the present sensitively carved sculptures, the Frankfurt Apostles are carved with dense drapery folds and tightly curled hair with each strand emphasized. The number of large projects presumably produced by his studio and the differences in style between the figures indicates that the Rimini Master employed numerous assistants and apprentices. That some of these sculptors left the workshop as journeymen or to start their own studios is corroborated by the geographical spread of these works of art throughout Europe.


A group of slightly later apostles of similar size, from the circle of this Master, are preserved in the Lehman Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Scholten, op. cit., cat. no. 35).


RELATED LITERATURE

W. Wixom, (ed.) Mirror of the Medieval World, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1999; 

P. Williamson, Northern Gothic sculpture 1200-1450, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1988, pp. 187-191, no. 54;

F. Scholten, European sculpture and metalwork, The Lehman Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Princeton, 2011;

K. Woods, 'The Master of Rimini and the tradition of alabaster carving in the early fifteenth-century Netherlands', Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek 62, 2012, pp. 56-83