A pale celadon jade cong, Neolithic period, first half of the 2nd millennium BC 新石器時代公元前二千紀上半期 青白玉素面琮
600,000 - 800,000 HKD
600,000 - 800,000 HKD
A pale celadon jade cong,
Neolithic period, first half of the 2nd millennium BC
h. 15.5 cm, inner d. 6.8 cm
The jade cong is in good condition. As visible in the photos, there is encrustation to the interior and one side of the exterior.
The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.
Collection of Julius Eberhardt (1936-2012), Vienna, acquired in 1994.
Regina Krahl, Sammlung Julius Eberhardt/Collection Julius Eberhardt, Hong Kong, n.d. (1999), cat. no. 33.
康蕊君，《Sammlung Julius Eberhardt/Collection Julius Eberhardt》，香港，未刊出版年份（1999年），編號33
Originating from the Liangzhu culture in the Yangtze River Delta, jade cong stand out as iconic of Neolithic Chinese civilisations. Exclusively made for the most prestigious ranks of society, jade cong were produced not only in Liangzhu, but also imitated or repurposed in other Neolithic cultures. While jade cong from the Liangzhu culture are often ornamented with masks of various levels of complexity, those found in other early civilisations tend to be undecorated, or at most with minimalistic design. Finely polished, the present tubular jade cong displays an attractive pale celadon tone. The angularity of the object is complemented by the central circular perforation, slightly protruding on both ends forming the ‘neck’ and ‘foot’.
See three related cong illustrated in Jessica Rawson, Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, British Museum, London, 1995, cat. nos 7.1 and 7.2, from the collection of Sir Joseph Hotung, as well as p. 151, fig. 2, accession no. 1914,0513.6. Rawson suggests that cong of tall proportion, ‘with completely smooth, flat sides in place of subdivided section’ and ‘made of strongly coloured stones with a relatively glassy finish’, were made in western China in the late Neolithic or Shang period (pp. 150-153). Similar unornamented examples of relatively tall proportions have been excavated from the Qijia culture sites in Gansu; see The Complete Collection of Jades Unearthed in China, vol. 15: Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Beijing, 2005, pls 31, 37-38.
For centuries after the Neolithic period, jade cong continued to fascinate generations of collectors, connoisseurs, scholars and artisans. An undecorated Qijia culture jade cong, treasured and used as a flower vessel in the imperial Qing court, is now preserved in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, accession no. Gu yu 001033.
參考何鴻卿爵士舊藏兩例，載於羅森，《Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing》，大英博物館，倫敦，1995年，編號7.1和7.2，同書另有一例，頁151，圖2，藏品編號1914,0513.6。筆者指這類比例較高、素面無紋之玉琮，其玉石色澤鮮明、打磨光滑者，乃屬新石器時代或商朝中國西部所製（頁150-153）。甘肅齊家文化遺址出土有相類之例，見《中國出土玉器全集》，卷15：甘肅、青海、寧夏、新疆，北京，2005年，圖版31、37-38。