View full screen - View 1 of Lot 16. Treaty of Berlin | set of 20 signatures, written just prior to the signing of the treaty, 13 July 1878.
16

Treaty of Berlin | set of 20 signatures, written just prior to the signing of the treaty, 13 July 1878

Treaty of Berlin | set of 20 signatures, written just prior to the signing of the treaty, 13 July 1878

Treaty of Berlin | set of 20 signatures, written just prior to the signing of the treaty, 13 July 1878

Treaty of Berlin


Signatures of twenty signatories to the Treaty of Berlin


representing Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and Turkey, including Otto von Bismarck (President of the Congress), Bernhard von Bülow, the Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Count Andrássy, Count Alojos Károlyi, William H. Waddington, Lord Beaconsfield, Lord Salisbury, Lord Odo Russell, Count Corti, Ali Pasha, and Prince Gorchakov, 1 page, 4to, [13 July 1878], with, on an integral leaf, an autograph note signed by Lord Rowton certifying that the sheet was signed "at the final meeting, just before the signature of the Treaty of Berlin, and given to me, one of the Secretaries to Her Majesty's Special Embassy. The signatures are written in the same order and manner as throughout the Congress the Plenipotentiaries adopted in signing the Protocols", dated London, 18 April 1882, the leaf with signatures mounted in a wooden shaped upright rectangular frame applied with silver foliage and shell and scroll cartouche silver plaques, with international armorials including the British Royal Arms, one lettered "Berlin July 13th 1878", overall size c.370 x 315mm


A UNIQUE RELIC OF THE CONGRESS OF BERLIN. For more than half a century, the European powers had attempted to maintain a balance of power through the Concert of Europe, and the Congress of Berlin was to be the last of the major European congresses that maintained this system. The Congress which took place in Berlin under the stewardship of von Bismarck 13 June to 13 July 1878 was called to deal with the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 and culminated in a treaty signed by seven European powers. The war had weakened Ottoman power in the Balkans and fostered resurgent nationalism in the Slavic states supported by Russia. The Treaty of Berlin recognised the independence of Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, as well as the autonomy of Bulgaria, although the latter remained part of the Ottoman empire. The unresolved settlement of competing nationalisms in the Balkans would, eventually, provide the flame that ignited World War I. 


PROVENANCE:

Sotheby's, London, 12 July 2005, lot 12

Condition is described in the main body of the cataloguing, where appropriate


Condition 11 of the Conditions of Business for Buyers (Online Only) is not applicable to this lot.


The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.