View full screen - View 1 of Lot 93. A LOUIS XV GILT BRONZE MOUNTED MEISSEN AND CHINESE PORCELAIN MANTEL CLOCK, THE ELEPHANT PROBABLY MODELLED BY PETER REINICKE, THE MOVEMENT BY JACQUES PANIER, MID-18TH CENTURY, THE GILT BRONZE BASE 19TH CENTURY AFTER JEAN-JOSEPH DE SAINT-GERMAIN.
93

A LOUIS XV GILT BRONZE MOUNTED MEISSEN AND CHINESE PORCELAIN MANTEL CLOCK, THE ELEPHANT PROBABLY MODELLED BY PETER REINICKE, THE MOVEMENT BY JACQUES PANIER, MID-18TH CENTURY, THE GILT BRONZE BASE 19TH CENTURY AFTER JEAN-JOSEPH DE SAINT-GERMAIN

A LOUIS XV GILT BRONZE MOUNTED MEISSEN AND CHINESE PORCELAIN MANTEL CLOCK, THE ELEPHANT PROBABLY MODELLED BY PETER REINICKE, THE MOVEMENT BY JACQUES PANIER, MID-18TH CENTURY, THE GILT BRONZE BASE 19TH CENTURY AFTER JEAN-JOSEPH DE SAINT-GERMAIN

A LOUIS XV GILT BRONZE MOUNTED MEISSEN AND CHINESE PORCELAIN MANTEL CLOCK, THE ELEPHANT PROBABLY MODELLED BY PETER REINICKE, THE MOVEMENT BY JACQUES PANIER, MID-18TH CENTURY, THE GILT BRONZE BASE 19TH CENTURY AFTER JEAN-JOSEPH DE SAINT-GERMAIN

A LOUIS XV GILT BRONZE MOUNTED MEISSEN AND CHINESE PORCELAIN MANTEL CLOCK, THE ELEPHANT PROBABLY MODELLED BY PETER REINICKE, THE MOVEMENT BY JACQUES PANIER, MID-18TH CENTURY, THE GILT BRONZE BASE 19TH CENTURY AFTER JEAN-JOSEPH DE SAINT-GERMAIN


the dial signed JACQUES PANIER A PARIS; the movement signed Jacques Panier Paris; anchor escapement with silk suspension and numbered count wheel, later bell; the porcelain with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue; the tusks resin replacements

Jacques-Charles Panier (d. after 1790), maître horloger in 1743

height 26 in.; width 19 1/2 in.; depth 9 in.

66 cm; 49.5 cm; 23 cm

The porcelain; overall in good appearance and generally good condition.. In detail: the porcelain flowers all loose, some with typical minor scattered chips to edges of petals. Some probably replacements. The blue flower at nine o'clock with two restored small petals. The white and puce flower above, broken and repaired. The blue and white flower at 2 o'clock with some probable restoration. The elephant with traces of spray to the central part of its body to the front, on either side of the bronze brace, which extends partially to the upper part of the proper right front leg. There appears to be no restoration to the reverse of the model. It is difficult to determine extent of any damage present but would appear to be minor. To the head there are traces of restoration to the underside of its mouth. The proper right tusk a later resin replacement, with an old repaired break. The proper left tusk in good condition. There are traces of restoration to trunk, but it appears to be intact. The gilt bronze; with some minor surface scratches, casting flaws, and rubbing, as to be expected.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. All dimensions in catalogue descriptions are approximate. Condition reports may not specify mechanical replacements or imperfections to the movement, case, dial, pendulum, separate base(s) or dome. Watches in water-resistant cases have been opened to examine movements but no warranties are made that the watches are currently water-resistant. Please note that we do not guarantee the authenticity of any individual component parts, such as wheels, hands, crowns, crystals, screws, bracelets and leather bands, since subsequent repairs and restoration work may have resulted in the replacement of original parts. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue. In particular, please note it is the purchaser's responsibility to comply with any applicable import and export matters, particularly in relation to lots incorporating materials from endangered species. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Galerie Le Passé, 1938
Collection of the Comtesse Diane de Castellane, sold Sotheby's Monaco, 9 December 1995, lot 44
Galerie Aveline, Paris
Galerie Segoura, Paris 1998
Pierre Kjellberg, La pendule française, Paris 1997, illustrated p.144.

This impressive clock is virtually identical to one formerly in the Riahi Collection with a movement by Furet, sold Christie's London 6 December 2012, lot 21 (now in the Halim Time & Glass Museum, Evanston, IL). The Riahi example lacks the gilt bronze garlands set with porcelain flowers around the drum and has a less elaborate girth strap, and the trunk and feet are decorated with slightly different colouring. The scale of the elephant is exceptional for 18th-century Meissen elephants, and apart from these two clocks only one other elephant of this size is recorded, an unmounted version sold Christie's Paris, 28 November 2019, lot 392.


The model is attributed to Peter Reinicke (1715-68), one of Johann Joachim Kändler's pupils and assistants, based on a 1743 Meissen factory reference to a figural group of a caparisoned elephant bearing a sultan on its back and a mahout in front, the elephant designed by Reinicke and the figures by Kändler. This elephant is smaller in size than the offered lot but very comparable in form, and the model was popular in the 18th century, as evidenced in an October 1753 inventory of Count Brühl's collection that lists twelve small Meissen model elephants, five elephants 'mit Thürmen' (with castle towers) and eighteen elephants without. The model was also exported to Paris by the marchands merciers who added gilt bronze mounts, seen for example on a version of the sultan riding an elephant now in the Detroit Institute of Arts (2004.11).


Elephants of the standard Reinicke elephant model were infrequently used for clocks, however, and only a few examples are documented: one at Waddesdon Manor (G. de Bellaigue, The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor, London 1974, vol.I, no.16), another in the Rijksmuseum.Amsterdam (illustrated in J.-D. Augarde, Les Ouvriers du Temps, Geneva 1996, p.383 fig.279) and a further clock from the H.J. Joel Collection sold Christie's London, 17 April 1980, lot 100.


Clocks with elephants in the medium of patinated or gilt bronze were much more favoured in the eighteenth century and survive in far greater numbers. The standard model was with the trunk raised, thought to be based on Japanese Kakiemon porcelain examples that began arriving in Europe in the late 17th century, such a pair now at Burghley House (O. Impey, Porcelain for Palaces, The Fashion for Japan in Europe, 1650-1750, London 1990, p.178, no.160). This model is usually associated with the bronzier Jean-Joseph de Saint Germain (1719-1791), and elephant clocks signed by or attributed to him include appear periodically on the market, including one sold Sotheby's Paris 5 November 2014, lot 195. XRF testing of the base of the Zilkha clock suggests it was manufactured in the 19th century, probably as a replacement. The model is one used as a base by Saint-Germain on several recorded clocks, including a signed pendule aux deux Chinois illustrated in Kjellberg, p 123, fig.D.