Cinématographe Lumière (1895) Poster, French
Cinématographe Lumière (1895) Poster, French
Artist: Marcellin Auzolle (1862-1942)
Unframed: 45 x 60 in. (114.3 x 152 cm)
Framed: 47 1/8 x 62 1/8 in. (119.7 x 157. 8 cm)
This is the ultimate collectors poster and a true museum piece, as it is one of the two inaugural posters designed for the first every public screening of a film in 1895. The first screening took place on the 28th December 1895, and the posters were not printed until early 1896.
This exceptionally rare piece has only surfaced a handful of times.
The first public screening of any film took place on the 28th December 1895 in the Salon Indien of the Grand Cafe, on Boulevard des Capucines in Paris. It was a humble event, with an audience of less than thirty people in attendance, and lasted approximately twenty minutes. It marked the public beginning of one of the most important cultural, artistic and social phenomena of the 20th century. Victor Perrot, who witnessed the event, writes about that winter evening in various articles and memoirs, calling it a 'great historical first'. The Grand Cafe in question was a meeting place for gentlemen billiard players. Its small basement was decorated in the style of an oriental lounge. On the occasion of Lumière's screening, a white canvas resembling a bed sheet had been hung at one end, with Lumière's famous cinématographe stationed on a step ladder amidst some 100 chairs borrowed from the Grand Cafe. The screening included a selection of the Lumière's short films, each film lasting no more than a minute. Some greeted the screening with suspicion, whereas others seemed utterly shocked by the experience. When the lights went down, Perrot relates that one lady uttered a shriek of terror. Later on, there was wide spread talk of magic and trickery, as though the moving images were the ruse of a clever conjurer. One man complained that it was unfair to make a mockery of the public in such a way. Members of the press who had been invited to the screening did not show up, although surprisingly, within two days of December 28th, it was featured in most newspapers. The success of the cinématographe was then almost immediate. On January 1st and 2nd 1896 between 2,000-2,500 spectators paid 1 franc each to see Lumière's collection of moving images. Posters advertising the screenings were printed and pasted on the walls in Paris. Two styles were designed, one by H. Brispot, which shows a throng of people waiting to enter the Salon Indien, and this style, which features a jovial audience watching the screen, which is showing the first comedy film, L'Arroseur Arrose / The Sprinkler Sprinkled. Within a few months, Lumière cinemas had opened in all major international cities, and screenings had been held for most heads of state, Kings, Queens and even the Tsar and Tsarina of Russia.
Linen-backed and conservation framed with UV plexiglass
Paper, backed on linen
Frame: Tulip wood, card mount and UV plexiglass
Excellent condition, with the colours remaining very bright. Minor restoration to folds and borders.
The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.
The Movie Poster Book, E. P. Dutton, 1979, page 18 and The Book of the International Film Poster, Tiger Books International Ltd., 1988, page 20