PHILIPS WOUWERMAN | A CAVALIER AND A LADY HALTING AT AN INN
Property from a Private Collection, New York
Haarlem 1619 - 1668
A CAVALIER AND A LADY HALTING AT AN INN
signed lower left in ligature: PHLW
oil on copper
copper: 10 ½ by 14 in.; 26.7 by 35.6 cm.
framed: 18 by 21½ in.; 45.7 by 54.6 cm.
The following condition report has been provided by Simon Parkes of Simon Parkes Art Conservation, Inc. 502 East 74th St. New York, NY 212-734-3920, firstname.lastname@example.org, an independent restorer who is not an employee of Sotheby's.
This work has not been recently restored. The panel is flat and the paint layer is stable. The varnish has become quite uneven, particularly in the darker colors. The work does not seem to have been fully cleaned on the left side and in the lower right. The sky is clean and shows very few retouches, except to two thin scratches in the upper right and a few other spots. Around the horses and figures, small spots of retouching have been applied to some losses. The trees are in very healthy condition, as is the right side of the foreground. The work could be hung in is current state, but re-examining the restoration would certainly make improvements. It is recommended at least that the varnish be improved.
"This lot is offered for sale subject to Sotheby's Conditions of Business, which are available on request and printed in Sotheby's sale catalogues. The independent reports contained in this document are provided for prospective bidders' information only and without warranty by Sotheby's or the Seller."
Prince Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg (1781-1824), Munich, by 1829;
Thence by descent to Maximilian de Beauharnais (1817-1852), 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg, Munich, by 1851;
Thence by descent to Nikolaus Maximilian de Beauharnais (1843-1890), 4th Duke of Leuchtenberg and also known as Duke Romanowski since 1852, St. Petersburg;
Thence by descent to his son, Nikolaus de Beauharnais (1868-1928), Duke of Leuchtenberg, St. Petersburg, 1908;
With Pieter de Boer, Amsterdam, 1959.
C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century, London 1909, vol. II, pp. 380-381, cat. no. 437;
B. Schumacher, Philips Wouwerman, Doornspijk 2006, vol I, p. 334, cat. no. A414.
Birgit Schumacher dates this exquisite copper by Phillips Wouwerman to circa 1655 (see Literature). The scene is set beneath a vibrant blue sky and bathed in a cool, crisp light. Renowned primarily as the most accomplished and successful seventeenth-century Dutch painter of equestrian subjects, Wouwerman experienced much success in his lifetime. His reputation continued to grow throughout the eighteenth century and his work was avidly collected by connoisseurs who appreciated his technical perfection and elegant subject matter. Vastly collected in Europe, many of his compositions were either copied, including this one, or engraved.