View full screen - View 1 of Lot 264. JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, R.A. | GLEDHOW HALL, YORKSHIRE.
264

JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, R.A. | GLEDHOW HALL, YORKSHIRE

Estimate:

180,000 - 240,000 GBP

Property of a gentleman

JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, R.A. | GLEDHOW HALL, YORKSHIRE

JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, R.A. | GLEDHOW HALL, YORKSHIRE

Estimate:

180,000 - 240,000 GBP

Lot sold:

225,000

GBP

Property of a gentleman

JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, R.A.

London 1775 - 1851

GLEDHOW HALL, YORKSHIRE


Watercolour over pencil heightened with touches of bodycolour, scratching out, stopping out and gum arabic;

signed lower right: JMW Turner RA

framed: 610 by 710 mm

unframed: 292 by 416 mm


Please note: Condition 11 of the Conditions of Business for Buyers (Online Only) is not applicable to this lot.


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This lovely watercolour, on a sheet of laid "Whatman" type paper, is in a good condition. The paper is sound and has no major damages. There is a small surface scratch towards the upper right-hand corner.

 

Medium

The watercolour medium is fresh and bright though there maybe some slight fading of the indigo wash in the sky, which may have made the clouds a little bluer in tone. The yellow in the centre appears to be sienna pigment and the Prussian blue in the water and the sky is also strong. There are a few small pigment losses in the trees on the right-hand side.


The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

John Dixon (1753-1825) of Gledhow Hall, Yorkshire and Weeting Hall, Suffolk;

The Hon. Emily Kitson (b. 1866) daughter of John, 1st Baron Airedale of Gledhow,

by family descent until,

sale, London, Sotheby's, 20 March 1963, lot 86;

with Agnew's, London;

British Private Collection;

sale, London, Sotheby's, 9 July, 2009, lot 126 'Property of a gentleman of title';

where aquired by the present owner

Sir W. Armstrong, Turner, London, 1902, p. 255;

W. G. Rawlinson, The Engraved Work of J.M.W. Turner R. A., London, 1908, vol. 1, p. 43, no. 87;

A. Wilton, The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner, Fribourg, 1979, p. 543, no. 543;

E. Shanes, Turner's England 1810-38, London, 1990, p. 77, no. 53


ENGRAVED:

by George Cooke for Whitaker's Loidis and Elmete, 1816-20 (R. 87)

York, York City Art Gallery, Turner in Yorkshire, 1980, cat. no. 113 (illustrated p. 76)

This idyllic watercolour depicts Gledhow Hall, near Leeds in Yorkshire, the seat of the Dixon family. It was commissioned by John Dixon in 1816. He was the eldest son of Jeremiah Dixon (1726-1782) and Mary (1735-1807) daughter of the Reverend Henry Wickham, rector of Guisley in Yorkshire. Gledhow was purchased by John's father in 1764.  Turner was to spend a great deal of time in Yorkshire, largely due to his close friendship with Walter Fawkes. Between 1808 and 1825 Turner was invited every summer to stay with the Fawkes family at Farnley Hall. From there the artist explored the county, visiting Gledhow in 1815. The present work is based on three drawings that survive in the Devonshire Rivers No. 3 and Wharfedale sketchbook (Turner Bequest CXXXIV 12, 15, 58).


Gledhow Hall is painted from the south-east, positioned high on the hill surrounded by glorious rolling parkland. This watercolour captures a moment as the sun rises bathing the landscape with a golden glow whilst dark shadows beneath the trees and in the foreground emphasise the intensity of the light. With a masterly display of delicate scratching out, Turner shows a fine mist rising from a stream in the valley below within which figures gather firewood and a herdsman drives his cattle beyond.


This watercolour was engraved by George Cook and included along with four other engravings after Turner in Dr Thomas Dunham Whitaker's book on the History of Leeds, published in 1816 under the title of Liodis and Elmete.