View full screen - View 1 of Lot 12. THE IMPERIAL 'BALLETTA' VASE: A RARE AND IMPORTANT FABERGÉ TWO-COLOUR GOLD-MOUNTED SMOKY TOPAZ VASE, WORKMASTER MICHAEL PERCHIN, ST PETERSBURG, 1899-1903.
12

THE IMPERIAL 'BALLETTA' VASE: A RARE AND IMPORTANT FABERGÉ TWO-COLOUR GOLD-MOUNTED SMOKY TOPAZ VASE, WORKMASTER MICHAEL PERCHIN, ST PETERSBURG, 1899-1903

VAT reduced rateGuaranteed Property

Estimate:

250,000

to
- 350,000 GBP

Property from the Brooklyn Museum, sold to Support Museum Collections

THE IMPERIAL 'BALLETTA' VASE: A RARE AND IMPORTANT FABERGÉ TWO-COLOUR GOLD-MOUNTED SMOKY TOPAZ VASE, WORKMASTER MICHAEL PERCHIN, ST PETERSBURG, 1899-1903

THE IMPERIAL 'BALLETTA' VASE: A RARE AND IMPORTANT FABERGÉ TWO-COLOUR GOLD-MOUNTED SMOKY TOPAZ VASE, WORKMASTER MICHAEL PERCHIN, ST PETERSBURG, 1899-1903

Estimate:

250,000

to
- 350,000 GBP

Lot sold:

934,600

GBP

Property from the Brooklyn Museum, sold to Support Museum Collections

THE IMPERIAL 'BALLETTA' VASE: A RARE AND IMPORTANT FABERGÉ TWO-COLOUR GOLD-MOUNTED SMOKY TOPAZ VASE, WORKMASTER MICHAEL PERCHIN, ST PETERSBURG, 1899-1903


The flared body carved of nearly flawless smoky topaz and mounted with a fluted yellow gold foot, bordered with green-gold ribbon tied garland border, marked with the workmaster’s initials, 72 standard; in a fitted silk and velvet-lined hollywood box

height 22.5cm, 8 7/8in.

To request a condition report for this lot, please contact helen.culversmith@sothebys.com

Presented by Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich (1850-1908) to Elizabeta Balletta, prima ballerina at the Imperial Mikhailovsky Theatre, St Petersburg, circa 1900
A La Vieille Russie, New York
Helen Babbott Sanders, acquired from the above
The Brooklyn Museum, New York, bequest from the above in 1983

Exhibition catalogue Catalogue of the Exhibition of Russian Art, London, 1935, ‘lent by Madame Balletta, Paris’, n. 504, p. 99 listed

H. Bainbridge, Peter Carl Fabergé: His Life and Works, London, 1949, p. 8, illustrated plate 6

Exhibition catalogue The Art of Peter Carl Fabergé:Exhibition for the Benefit of the Scholarship Fund of theManhattan School of Music, New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., 1961, n. 261, p. 75 listed, p. 78 illustrated 

Exhibition catalogue Fabergé, San Francisco, 1964, n. 135, p. 35 illustrated

Exhibition catalogue The Art of the Goldsmith andJeweler, New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., 1968, n. 366, p. 138 listed, p. 139 illustrated

Exhibition catalogue Fabergé: Exhibition for theBenefit of the Scholarship Fund of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Design, New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., 1983, n. 309, p. 97 listed, p. 98 illustrated

G. von Habsburg, Fabergé, Hofjuwelier der Zaren, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich, 1987, n. 277, p. 182 illustrated

J. Booth, The Art of Fabergé, Quarto Publishing, London, 1990, p. 15 illustrated

G. von Habsburg, Fabergé Fantasies & Treasures, New York, 1995, pl. 31, p. 57 illustrated

G. von Habsburg and D. Park Curry, Fabergé in America, San Francisco, 1996, p. 202 illustrated

Exhibition catalogue Carl Fabergé: Goldsmith to the Tsar, Arlöv, 1997, n. 200, p. 197 illustrated

S. Harrison, E. Ducamp, J. Falino, et. al., Artistic Luxury: Fabergé Tiffany Lalique, Cleveland Museum of Art and Yale University Press, 2008, p. 90 illustrated

K. Stayton (ed.), Brooklyn Museum Highlights, Brooklyn Museum, 2014. pp. 166-167 illustrated

London, Belgrave Square, Exhibition of Russian Art, June 4 - July 13, 1935

New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., The Art of Peter Carl Fabergé:Exhibition for the Benefit of the Scholarship Fund of theManhattan School of Music, October 25 - November 7, 1961

San Francisco, M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, Fabergé, 1964

New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., The Art of the Goldsmith andJeweler, 1968

New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., Fabergé: Exhibition for theBenefit of the Scholarship Fund of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Design, April 22 - May 21, 1983

New York, A La Vieille Russie, Inc., Fabergé, April 20 - June 4, 1983

Munich, Kunsthalle der Hypokulturstiftung, Fabergé: Hofjuwelier der Zaren, December 5, 1986 - February 22, 1987

Houston, Museum of Natural Science, The World of Fabergé: Russian Gems and Jewels, February 11, 1994 - July 10, 1994

San Francisco, M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, Fabergé in America: the Legacy of the Tsars, May 25 - July 28, 1996; also travelled to New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 12 - April 30, 1996; Richmond, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, August 24 - November 9, 1996; New Orleans, Fine Arts Museum, December 7, 1996 - February 8, 1997; and Cleveland Museum of Art, March 12 - May 11, 1997

Stockholm, Statens Konstmuseer, Carl Fabergé: Goldsmith to the Tsar, June 5 - October 9, 1997

New York, Brooklyn Museum of Art, BMA Fabergé Installation, supplementary to “Jewels of the Romanovs: Treasures of the Russian Imperial Court.”, March 20, 1998 - July 12, 1998

Cleveland, Museum of Art, Artistic Luxury: Fabergé, Tiffany, Lalique, October 19, 2008 - January 18, 2009; also travelled to Fine Arts Museum San Francisco, February 7 - May 31, 2009

Brooklyn Museum, New York, Key to the City, June 2 - September 6, 2010

The Imperial Elizabeth Balletta Vase: Fabergé’s Most Beautiful Work


This large and impressive smoky quartz vase is completely unique in Fabergé’s production and represents the apogee of the firm’s lapidary works. Perfectly carved from a huge piece of smoky quartz and mounted in the highest carat gold, it represents a costly and lavish imperial gift from Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia (1850-1908) to his favourite actress, Elizabeth Balletta. Grand Duke Alexei presented many gifts to Elizabeth Balletta, but the present vase in both its scale and exceptional craftsmanship is undoubtedly the most opulent. Accordingly, in his 1949 publication on the life and works of Peter Carl Fabergé, Henry Bainbridge who was manager of the London Branch of Fabergé describes this vase as ‘Balletta...and her Fabergé smoky rock crystal goblet of surpassing beauty… perhaps the most beautiful thing Fabergé ever made.’ (H. Bainbridge, Peter Carl Fabergé: His Life and works, London, 1949, illustrated plate 6 p. 8). The vase was famous in its own time, so treasured that it travelled with Balletta to Paris and was included in the famous Exhibition of Russian Art held in Belgrave Square, London in 1935 listed as ‘lent by Madame Balletta, Paris’.


Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia and Madame Elizabeth Balletta


Elizabeth Balletta became one of the most famous dancers of the Imperial Mikhailovsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg, and was first noticed by Tsarevich Nikolai Alexandrovitch, before having a long relationship with his uncle, Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovitch. Grand Duke Alexei was the fourth child of Emperor Alexander II and the favourite uncle of Emperor Nicholas II. Grand Duke Alexei was Admiral General of the Imperial Army of Russia. His career as the commander of the Imperial Russian fleet ended in 1905 during the Russo-Japanese War, when he was relieved of his command and he retired.

Elisabeth Balletta performed at the Imperial Theatre for twenty-five years before settling in Paris with Grand Duke Alexei until his death in November 1908. A few months later, the Sydney Newsletter dated 30 January 1909 reported the death and funeral of The Grand Duke Alexei in Paris:


'…dying in the apartment of a Parisian actress. No one was present at the time of death but a French music hall singer known in Russia by the name of La Ballet[t]a … Alexis found nothing better to do than to come to Paris and display as publicly as possible his affection for La Balletta. La Balletta, who has been amply provided for out of imperial funds, was allowed to accompany the funeral cortege in a closed carriage.'


After the death of Grand Duke Alexei, over 500 paintings and valuable objects from his Paris apartment were sent in eight crates to St. Petersburg. The shipment was insured for 250,000 francs and included works by Fabergé and paintings by Jean-Baptiste Marie Huet (1745-1811), François Boucher (1703-1770) and François Flameng (1856-1923).


Known for his generosity, Grand Duke Alexei lavished gifts upon Elizabeth Balletta and her collection was renowned in its own time. The surpassing quality of her Fabergé and jewels has historically incited great competition in collectors who seek her provenance. Famously, a Fabergé guilloché enamel case from her collection, decorated with intertwined monograms 'EB' and 'A', was first sold to the distinguished collector Lansdell K. Christie, who then auctioned it between 1973-74 for the record sum of 190,000 Swiss francs. After the death of Grand Duke Alexei, it was necessary to pay a Fabergé invoice of 800 roubles for a hardstone figure of a dog Grand Duke Alexei had presented to Elizabeth Balletta, this bulldog was offered by Sotheby Parke-Bernet, New York, lot 405 and is now held in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1980.649).


Helen Babbott Sanders


This smoky quartz vase is the highlight of a group of Fabergé assembled by Helen Babbott Sanders in the 1950s. Helen Babbott Sanders was the daughter of Frank L. Babbott, who was president of the Board of the Brooklyn Museum from 1920 to 1928 and one of its chief benefactors. Helen Babbott Sanders was a member of the museum’s acquisition committee and collected with an emphasis on excellence, as is reflected in this Fabergé collection and her bequest of Renaissance paintings. The collection is one of the only remaining groups that was built one of the Golden Ages of Fabergé collecting in America. Sanders collected alongside the other great Fabergé collectors of her era, such as Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosbie and Lansdell K. Christie, whose collection formed the basis of the Forbes Collection. The iconic, glamorous and thoughtful way in which this collection was acquired mainly at A La Vieille Russie on 5th Avenue, makes it a rare and exceptional appearance on the market.


Fabergé’s Head Workmaster Michael Perchin


The present vase is one of the most unique objects created by Fabergé’s head workmaster Michael Perchin (Mikhail Perkhin), and helps us to truly understand why he was described as a ‘phenomenal, prodigious talent’ (U. Tillander-Godenhielm, Fabergé: His Masters and Artisans, London, 2018, p. 71). The magnificent size of the vase made it a showcase for Perchin to demonstrate both the firm’s lapidary skills and his signature re-invention of Louis XVI style in the opulent solid-gold mount. Perchin was particularly renowned for his historicising designs and innovative use of materials, the perfection of which can be seen in the exuberant yet elegant design of the present vase. Next to his Imperial Eggs, the present vase is one of Perchin’s most impressive expressions of his signature aesthetic. A related Fabergé work, utilising an impressively large piece of smoky quartz to emulate a Renaissance nautilus cup, was bought by Leopold de Rothschild from Fabergé’s London branch on 9 July 1912.


Smoky Quartz from the Urals and 72 Carat Gold


It is extraordinary to consider not only of the size of the smoky quartz crystal required to carve this monumental vase, but also of its nearly-flawless clarity. Fabergé’s lapidary sourced smoky quartz from the Ural mountains, that was known for its high quality and suitability for carving. The firm alone would have access to such a sizable and flawless specimen as that used for the Balletta Vase. Quartz, with its complexity of natural inclusions often caused many breakages and failed, imperfect carving attempts; making the clarity of the 'Balletta vase', with only one subtly glistening inclusion running through the hidden foot, a truly unapparelled lapidary masterpiece. The setting of the 'Balletta vase' in a thick, elegantly chased base of the highest, '72' carat gold emphasises the very high value of the stone being set ('Birbaum Memoirs' in G. von Habsburg, M. Lopato, Fabergé: Imperial Jeweller, Milan, 1993, p. 457).


Fabergé worked with several talented lapidaries, such as the Imperial Peterhof Lapidary works and factories in Idar-Oberstein in Germany, sourcing hardstones for vases, boxes and whimsical models of animals. After 1908, with the arrival of such lapidary artisans P. Kremlev and P. Derbyshev, the firm produced its own works in hardstones.


The scale and quality of the carving of the present vase makes it unique in the oeuvre of Fabergé and amongst the greatest technical and aesthetic achievements of its renowned lapidary and head workmaster Michael Perchin.