View full screen - View 1 of Lot 29. DE LA BECHE | Duria Antiquior, lithograph, 1830.
29

DE LA BECHE | Duria Antiquior, lithograph, 1830

Margin Scheme

Estimate:

2,000

to
- 3,000 GBP

DE LA BECHE | Duria Antiquior, lithograph, 1830

DE LA BECHE | Duria Antiquior, lithograph, 1830

Estimate:

2,000

to
- 3,000 GBP

Lot sold:

8,190

GBP

DE LA BECHE, HENRY


Duria Antiquior


lithograph by Georg Scharf, 335 x 435mm, later state (with key), unwatermarked paper, Charles Hullmandel, [c.1830]


A RARE COPY OF THE FIRST PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION OF ANCIENT LIFE DERIVED FROM THE FOSSIL RECORD. The artist, Henry de la Beche, was a pioneer geologist and major collector of fossils from South-West England's Jurassic Coast. This scene, which depicts creatures from deep time interacting with each other in a realistic setting and makes use of the latest scientific discoveries, is a foundational image of palaeoart, a genre which has since become key to the public understanding of - and fascination with - palaeontology.


The creatures depicted in Duria Antiquior (a more ancient Dorset) were those found by Mary Anning and other fossil hunters along the Dorset coast. De La Beche's vision of early Jurassic life is deeply informed by the work of William Buckland, who saw in the fossil record evidence of "the general law of Nature which bids all to eat and be eaten in their turn". At the top of the food chain is the formidable Ichthyosaur, the most ferocious of which is shown breaking the neck of a Plesiosaur at the centre of the image (both of these animals had recently been described by another leading geologist, William Conybeare). Pterosaurs (discovered by Anning in 1828) fly in the sky, the seas are full of ammonites, belemnites, and pentacrinites. The ichthyosaurs are even shown producing faeces which is gently sinking to the seabed, becoming the coprolites identified by Anning and Buckland.


In 1830 De La Beche arranged for his watercolour to be reproduced as a lithograph in order for sale proceeds to support his friend Mary Anning, who was in financial difficulties at the time. The print run is uncertain but the publisher, Hullmandel, frequently produced very small runs of lithographs on commission. Individual prints were sold for the high price of £2 10s so the number must have been small, presumably the very low hundreds. William Buckland played an active role in the distribution of copies: he arranged for copies to be sold to fellows of the Geological Society; he send 100 copies to Mary Anning for her to sell from her shop; and he made use of it in his own lectures in Oxford. (See Sharpe, The Fossil Woman: A Life of Mary Anning (2020), pp.102-3). Only a handful of copies of Duria Antiquior are now recorded in institutional collections and we have found no record of a copy on the auction market.


An ongoing census by Tom Sharpe has identified just 24 copies of Duria Antiquior (including this one), of which the vast majority are in institutional collections. Most surviving copies are of the lithograph in its later state.

 

Sotheby’s is grateful to Tom Sharpe for his assistance in cataloguing this lot.


PROVENANCE:

William Buckland, DD, FRS (1784-1856); thence by descent

Very minor spotting, frayed at edges, worm-hole not affecting image


The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

The final paragraph of the note was added on 1 December 2020