WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945
WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945
WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945
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WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945

Estimate: 10,000 - 15,000 GBP

WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945

Estimate: 10,000 - 15,000 GBP

Lot sold:17,640GBP
(9 bids, reserve met)

Description

WORLD WAR II--HONG KONG


INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER


Typed document agreeing an unconditional surrender of all Japanese Armed Forces in Hong Kong, in accordance with the Japanese surrender of 2 September, signed (the signatures possibly secretarial) by Major General Umekichi Okada and Vice Admiral Ruitaro Fujita on behalf of the Japanese Armed Forces, each with red ink stamp, and by Rear Admiral Cecil Halliday Jepson Harcourt (twice) on behalf of the Allies, 1 page, folio, Government House, Hong Kong, 16 September 1945; frays and tears on right edge not affecting text, minor dust staining


A POWERFUL RECORD OF ONE OF THE FINAL ACTS OF WORLD WAR II. Japan had invaded the British colony of Hong Kong on 8 December 1941 - the day after the attack on Pearl Harbour - and conquered the island after 18 days of fierce fighting. The three years and eight months of Japanese occupation were characterised by fear, hunger, brutality, forced deportation, and the the savage treatment of prisoners. About 10,000 people were killed during the occupation. The Japanese capitulated on 15 August, after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the British moved quickly to regain control of Hong Kong. Franklin Grimson, who had been Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong at the time of the invasion, was released from his internment camp on 16 August and immediately proclaimed himself acting governor. The British Pacific Cruiser Squadron, commanded by Rear Admiral Cecil Harcourt, sailed into Victoria Harbour on 30 August. This document was signed at the formal surrender ceremony that took place at Government House some two weeks after the British arrived back in Hong Kong.


A small number of copies of this document were evidently signed at the ceremony. There is a copy in the Imperial War Museum (HSR/V/8) - who also hold Admiral Fujita's ceremonial sword, presented to Harcourt at the surrender - and at least one other copy in private hands (sold in these rooms 28 May 1983, lot 80). This copy belonged to a Vice Admiral in the British Pacific Fleet in 1945. 


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Condition Report

Frays and tears on right edge not affecting text, minor dust staining


Please note: Condition 11 of the Conditions of Business for Buyers (Online Only) is not applicable to this lot.


The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colors and shades which are different to the lot's actual color and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation. The condition report is a statement of opinion only. For that reason, the condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS ONLINE CONDITION REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE/BUSINESS APPLICABLE TO THE RESPECTIVE SALE.

Saleroom Notice

The cataloguing of this lot was amended on 3 August 2020 to reflect the fact that the two Japanese signatures may be secretarial.
WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945
WORLD WAR II | Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Hong Kong, 16 September 1945
Lot Closed