A ROMAN MARBLE FIGURE OF PAN, CIRCA 2ND CENTURY A.D., WITH CIRCA 18TH CENTURY RESTORATIONS
the ithyphallic figure standing against a tree-trunk support on a turned circular base, and using his right hand to balance on his head a large quadrangular wicker basket filled with fruit and partially covered with a cloth falling over his right shoulder, a cluster of grapes in his left hand, and wearing a garland of flowers slung from his left shoulder to his right hip, his head with long centrally-divided beard of deeply-drilled curls, smiling mouth with parted lips, snub nose, and gnarled brow; base, support, lower legs, right arm below wrist, left arm with grapes, left front corner of basket, and tip of left ear restored, tail formerly restored.
Height 87 cm.
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European private collection, circa 18th Century (based on restoration techniques)
Eugène Piot (1812-1890), Paris (sale, Paris: Catalogue des objets d'art et d'antiquités, des tableaux, dessins et médailles des XVe et XVIe siècles de la collection d'Eugène Piot, April 25th-30th, 1864, p. 53, no. 1)
Julien Gréau (1810-1895), Paris, probably acquired at the above sale. (Hôtel Drouot, Paris, Collection J. Gréau. Catalogue des terres cuites grecques, vases peints et marbres antiques, May 11th-16th, 1891, no. 1338)
Franck, L' Art Ancien. Photographies des Collections Célèbres, vol. IX, Paris, 1868 (http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O1031647/photograph-franck/)
Wilhelm Froehner, Collection J. Gréau. Troisième partie. Terres cuites grecques, vases peints et marbres antiques, Paris, 1891, no. 1338 (https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k6532990c/f482.item.r=Pan)
Georg Lippold, ed., Photographische Einzelaufnahmen antiker Sculpturen, Serie XVIIB, Munich, 1947, no. 5002 (http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/3600950)
Cornelius C. Vermeule, III, “The Dal Pozzo-Albani Drawings of Classical Antiquities in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle,” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 56, pt. 2, 1966, p. 58 (“EA 5002 is either an ancient statuette or a restoration based on [one of the two figures of] Pan [in the courtyard of the Capitoline”)
Vincenzo Saladino, “Satiri e Priapi a palazzo Medici-Riccardi con un’appendice su Marsia e Pan,“ in Iconografia 2005: immagini e immaginari dall’Antichità classica al mondo moderno, atti del convegno (Venezia, 26-28 gennaio 2005), I. Colpo, I. Favaretto, and F. Ghedini, Rome, 2006, p. 294, note 27
For a related over-lifesized pair of Pan caryatids in the courtyard of the Capitoline Museums in Rome see http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/objekt/15903, http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/objekt/15904. For the motif cf. the statue of a Silenus in Petworth: http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/objekt/25141
For a marble statuette of pan holding a fruit basket on his shoulder, once in the Garimberti Collection in Rome and now lost, see Giovanni Battista de Cavalieri, Antiquarum statuarum urbis Romae tertius et quartus liber, 1593, pl. 78, described as a “satyrus cum cista et fructibus” (https://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/de/fs1/object/display/bsb11205882_00163.html ). It is believed by some scholars to have been almost completely restored, and by others altogether modern: C. M. Brown, Our accustomed discourse on the antique: Cesare Gonzaga and Gerolamo Garimberto, two Renaissance collectors of Greco-Roman art, 1993, pp. 86-87.