AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD
AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD
AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD
AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD
AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD
AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD
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AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD

Estimate: 12,000 - 18,000 GBP

AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD

Estimate: 12,000 - 18,000 GBP

Lot Sold:137,500GBP

Lot Details

Description

AN ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD HASAN, WITH A MARGINAL COMMENTARY, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD ISMA’IL, NORTH INDIA, KASHMIR, DATED 1246 AH/1831 AD


Arabic manuscript on paper, 544 leaves plus 3 fly-leaves, 24 lines to the page, written in naskh in black ink within clouds against a gold ground, the Persian interlinear in red nasta’liq, ruled in blue and gold, verses separated by gold roundels, surah headings in blue thuluth against a gold ground within a cartouche, the margins dense with commentaries in nasta’liq within clouds against a gold ground, f.1b and f.2a with an illuminated frontispiece, several illuminated pages throughout, in lacquer binding decorated with flowers and signed ‘Abd al-Aziz Mugul


text panel: 12.6 by 6cm.

leaf: 23 by 13.2cm.

Condition Report

Stains and rubbing, some losses to the illumination and the gold, minor tears, some crackeleaure and scratches to the binding, as viewed.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Cataloguing

Provenance

Christie's London, 16 June 1987, lot 93.

Literature

N. Safwat, A Collector’s Eye. Islamic calligraphy in Qur’ans and other manuscripts, London 2010, no.20, pp.98-101.

Catalogue Note

This Qur’an is one of the finest manuscripts produced in Kashmir in the first half of the nineteenth century. Not only does it bear the names of two scribes who have been involved in copying it, but also the names of the binder and the patron. Dated Qur’ans from Kashmir are rare, especially if decorated with such lavish illumination.


On f.534a Muhammad Hasan signs as the copyist of the Qur’an and Muhammad Isma’il as the copyist of the tafsir in the margins. Each lacquer plate of the binding is finely decorated with a central panel with interlacing flower scrolls and plants, among which there is the signature of Aziz Mughul. The name of the patron as well as the date 1246 AH/1831 AD are written in black along the outer border. It is interesting to note that along with his name, Muhammad Isma’il, the patron is named tajir al-Isfahani (a merchant from Isfahan)


Victor Jacquemont, a French traveller who was in Kashmir the same year this Qur’an was copied (1831) records that the region was a big centre for the production of the manuscripts and there were between seven and eight hundred copyists in the region (Bayani & Stanley 1999, p.228). While Kashmiri Qur’ans are usually not signed and can be quite formulaic in their layout and decoration, this copy is extensively and finely illuminated, and must have been a commission by a Persian merchant who was resident in Kashmir in 1831.


A comparable Qur’an, although lacking both a date and the name of the scribe, was sold at Christie’s London, 6 October 2011, lot 431.

THE SHAKERINE COLLECTION: Calligraphy in Qur’ans and other Manuscripts
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