A LARGE ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY AHMED AL-ILHAMI, STUDENT OF ALI AL-HAMDI, STUDENT OF OSMAN WALI, KNOWN AS DAMAD AL-‘AFIF, TURKEY, OTTOMAN, DATED 1270 AH/1853-54 AD
A LARGE ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY AHMED AL-ILHAMI, STUDENT OF ALI AL-HAMDI, STUDENT OF OSMAN WALI, KNOWN AS DAMAD AL-‘AFIF, TURKEY, OTTOMAN, DATED 1270 AH/1853-54 AD
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A LARGE ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY AHMED AL-ILHAMI, STUDENT OF ALI AL-HAMDI, STUDENT OF OSMAN WALI, KNOWN AS DAMAD AL-‘AFIF, TURKEY, OTTOMAN, DATED 1270 AH/1853-54 AD

Estimate: 40,000 - 60,000 GBP

A LARGE ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY AHMED AL-ILHAMI, STUDENT OF ALI AL-HAMDI, STUDENT OF OSMAN WALI, KNOWN AS DAMAD AL-‘AFIF, TURKEY, OTTOMAN, DATED 1270 AH/1853-54 AD

Estimate: 40,000 - 60,000 GBP

Lot Sold:50,000GBP

Lot Details

Description

A LARGE ILLUMINATED QUR’AN, COPIED BY AHMED AL-ILHAMI, STUDENT OF ALI AL-HAMDI, STUDENT OF OSMAN WALI, KNOWN AS DAMAD AL-‘AFIF, TURKEY, OTTOMAN, DATED 1270 AH/1853-54 AD


Arabic manuscript on paper, 303 leaves plus 4 fly-leaves, 13 lines to the page, written in naskh in black ink, ruled in gold and blue, verses separated by gold and polychrome rosettes, surah headings in blue riqa’ within polychrome cartouches, nisfs, sajdahs, juz and hizbs markers in red riqa’ in the margins, f.1b and f.2a with an illuminated finispiece, f.303a with the colophon written within a gold shamsa, in brown stamped and gilt leather binding, with flap


text panel: 31.5 by 19cm.

leaf: 43.8 by 29.2cm.

Condition Report

The margins are clean, with only minor restoration to the paper, the text is bright and crisp, minor rubbing and stains, some losses to the illumination, as viewed.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Cataloguing

Provenance

Christie's London, 19 October 1993, lot 59.

Literature

N. Safwat, A Collector’s Eye. Islamic calligraphy in Qur’ans and other manuscripts, London 2010, no.38, pp.162-7.

Catalogue Note

This magnificent Qur’an is impressive not only for its size, but also for its fine calligraphy and lavish illumination. The opening double-page is a fine example of the decorative repertoire of the Ottoman rococo style which combined elements of Ottoman traditional illumination with European baroque features. The surah headings are also decorated with fine bunches of flowers and the colophon with the name of the scribe and his masters is heightened by a gold halo.


The scribe Ahmed al-Ilhami lists in the colophon his teacher, Ali al-Hamdi, and the master of his teacher, Osman Wali, stating very clearly a lineage (silsila)and connection with both of them, who were masters of naskh and thuluth.


Ali al-Hamdi (d.1828 AD) was Egyptian and active in Istanbul during the early nineteenth century. He was himself a student of Osman Wali, a contemporary of the great master Mahmud Celaleddin (d.1829) and one of the masters of the pen. Osman Wali was quite eccentric and signed occasionally with the name ‘Osman ibn Osman ibn Osman’ (see lot 61 in the current sale). After his marriage with the daughter of the calligrapher Ibrahim 'Afif, he signed the colophon as ‘damad al-'Afif’ ('son-in-law of 'Afif'). The connection with the father-in-law is very important as he was his master and taught him naskh and thuluth.

THE SHAKERINE COLLECTION: Calligraphy in Qur’ans and other Manuscripts
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