A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD
A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD
A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD
A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD
A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD
A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD
79

A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD

Estimate: 30,000 - 50,000 GBP

A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD

Estimate: 30,000 - 50,000 GBP

Lot Sold:187,500GBP

Lot Details

Description

A LARGE AND FINELY-ILLUMINATED QUR'AN, COPIED BY MUHAMMAD SHAFI' B. 'ALI ASKAR AL-ARSANJANI, THE ILLUMINATION ATTRIBUTED TO REZA SANI’ HUMAYUN, PERSIA, QAJAR, DATED 1283 AH/1866-67 AD


Arabic manuscript on paper, 257 leaves plus 5 fly-leaves, 15 lines to the page, written in naskh in black ink within clouds against a gold ground densely decorated with polychrome floral scrolls, with Persian interlinear in red nasta’liq, ruled in light-blue, red, green and gold, verses separated by gold and polychrome rosettes, surah headings in blue riqa’ against a gold ground within polychrome cartouches, polychrome and gold hisb, juz and nisf markes in the margins, marginal texts in nasta’liq within clouds against a gold ground, f.2b and f.3a with a double-page spread of illumination consisting of a central lobed panel with gold riqa’ against a gold ground with the surah listed within octagonal starts, f.3b and f.4a with a polychrome and gold incipit frame, in lacquer binding decorated with flowers, the doublures with a branch of lilies


text panel: 26.7 by 15.7cm.

leaf: 36 by 23.8cm.

Condition Report

The margins are clean, minor rubbing, some quires nearly detatched, some stains and minor losses, minor scratches to the binding, as viewed.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Saleroom Notice

Please note that the illumination of this Qur’an is attributed to Reza Sani Humayun and not signed.

Cataloguing

Provenance

Sold in these rooms, 22 April 1980, lot 292.

Literature

N. Safwat, A Collector’s Eye. Islamic calligraphy in Qur’ans and other manuscripts, London 2010, no.16, pp.78-86.

Catalogue Note

This magnificent Qur'an has all the hallmarks of the most refined manuscripts of the Qajar period. Along with the name of the scribe, Ali 'Askar Arsanjani, we are also given the name of the illuminator, Reza Sani’ Humayun. On the finispiece page, just above the colophon, the patron is addressed and, although his name has been rubbed out, he is described as a cultured and intelligent man. The lavishness and richness of this manuscript points towards a royal or at least noble patronage.


Ali 'Askar Arsanjani, son of Muhammad Shafi' was a mystic and a scribe active in Shiraz. Born in a family of calligraphers (a Qur’an by his father sold in these rooms 15 October 1997, lot 18) he followed both 'Ala al-Din Tabrizi and Ahmad Nayrizi in the style of naskh, but was also a master of riqa' and shikasteh. His recorded works are dated between 1248-92 AH/1832-76 AD and worked under different patrons, including the royal Qajar court (a Qur’an dedicated to Haji Mirza Abdallah Khan, grandson of Fath 'Ali Shah, sold in these rooms, 30 April 1998, lot 33). He had a long working life copying Qur'ans, prayer books, and calligraphic pages, several of which were sold in these rooms, 15 October 2003, lot 21; 11 October 1992, lot 930; 23 May 1986 lot 369;, and 1 June 1987, lot 123. He died in 1884-85 and is buried in Arsanjan.

THE SHAKERINE COLLECTION: Calligraphy in Qur’ans and other Manuscripts
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