WORKSHOP OF SEVERO CALZETTA DA RAVENNA (ACTIVE 1496-1543) ITALIAN, PADUA, 16TH CENTURY | Kneeling Satyr mounted as an Inkwell
Estimate: 12,000 - 18,000 GBP
WORKSHOP OF SEVERO CALZETTA DA RAVENNA (ACTIVE 1496-1543)
ITALIAN, PADUA, 16TH CENTURY
Kneeling Satyr mounted as an Inkwell
satyr: 20cm., 7⅞in.
24cm., 9½in. overall
Overall the condition of the bronze is good, with some wear and dirt to the surface consistent with age. There is dust throughout, in particular in the crevices. There is a loss to the satyr's proper right little finger. The surface of the bronze is a little dry, and there is wear to the lacquer patina, including flaking. The proper right hand appears to have been cast separately, with a slightly visible joint at the wrist. There is a hole to the proper right hand which would have supported a now-lost attribute. There is also a hole to the top of the head, probably to facilitate extraction of the core after casting. There are several nicks and minor scratches to the bronze. The base and shell inkwell appear to be original, but it is possible that they could be associated. There is a hole to the base below the satyr's proper left hoof.
"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.
NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."
Probably Robert Valentine Berkeley (1853-1940) and Rose Berkeley (1861-1922)
City of Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery, Birmingham, Commemorative Exhibition of the Art Treasures of the Midlands, 1934, no. 390 (lent by R.G. Berkeley, Esq.).
‘Spetchley Park -I. Worcestershire, The Seat of Mr. R. V. Berkeley', Country Life, 8 July 1916, p. 47. illustrated in the Staircase Hall;
Inventory, 1949, 'A Bronze figure of a kneeling Satyr on triangular base, 10 ½“ high by Andrea Riccio, 1470-1532 [sic]' in the Strong Room
Since Planiscig's identification in 1935 of the signature O.SEVERI.RA on a bronze sea-monster with the sculptor Severo da Ravenna, a coherent corpus of bronze statuettes has been attributed to this contemporary of Andrea Riccio. Fifty years later a bronze of a kneeling satyr with the initials SE was convincingly identified as a second autograph model by Severo (Christie's, 8 July 1981, lot 341). The model, which exists in numerous variants, had previously been attributed to Riccio by Planiscig (op. cit.).
L. Planiscig, Andrea Riccio, Vienna, 1927, pp. 330-331, figs. 380 and 381; C. Avery and A. Radcliffe, 'Severo Calzetta da Ravenna: New Discoveries' in J. Rasmussen, Studien zum europäischen Kunsthandwerk: Festschrift Yvonne Hackenbroch, Munich, 1983, pp. 107-122, figs. 5-12