THREE ETHICAL WORKS: SHA‘AREI HA-TESHUVAH AND SEFER HA-YIR’AH, RABBI JONAH GERONDI, WITH MUSAR HASKEL, ATTRIBUTED TO RABBI HAI GAON, FANO: [GERSHOM] SONCINO, [CA. 1506]
THREE ETHICAL WORKS: SHA‘AREI HA-TESHUVAH AND SEFER HA-YIR’AH, RABBI JONAH GERONDI, WITH MUSAR HASKEL, ATTRIBUTED TO RABBI HAI GAON, FANO: [GERSHOM] SONCINO, [CA. 1506]
THREE ETHICAL WORKS: SHA‘AREI HA-TESHUVAH AND SEFER HA-YIR’AH, RABBI JONAH GERONDI, WITH MUSAR HASKEL, ATTRIBUTED TO RABBI HAI GAON, FANO: [GERSHOM] SONCINO, [CA. 1506]
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THREE ETHICAL WORKS: SHA‘AREI HA-TESHUVAH AND SEFER HA-YIR’AH, RABBI JONAH GERONDI, WITH MUSAR HASKEL, ATTRIBUTED TO RABBI HAI GAON, FANO: [GERSHOM] SONCINO, [CA. 1506]

Estimate: 45,000 - 60,000 USD

THREE ETHICAL WORKS: SHA‘AREI HA-TESHUVAH AND SEFER HA-YIR’AH, RABBI JONAH GERONDI, WITH MUSAR HASKEL, ATTRIBUTED TO RABBI HAI GAON, FANO: [GERSHOM] SONCINO, [CA. 1506]

Estimate: 45,000 - 60,000 USD

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Description

THREE ETHICAL WORKS: SHA‘AREI HA-TESHUVAH AND SEFER HA-YIR’AH, RABBI JONAH GERONDI, WITH MUSAR HASKEL, ATTRIBUTED TO RABBI HAI GAON, FANO: [GERSHOM] SONCINO, [CA. 1506]


45 folios (7 3/8 x 5 1/2 in.; 186 x 138 mm) (collation: i3 [lacking initial blank], ii-xi4, xii2) on paper; modern foliation in pencil in Arabic numerals in upper-outer corner of recto; early marginalia (some of them lengthy) in pen on numerous pages. Slight scattered staining; expurgation of a number of words by a censor (signature in lower margin of f. [45r]); minor worming (mostly marginal) repaired; lower-inner corner of f. [45] replaced in facsimile. Later calf, scuffed and worn around edges; joints starting; spine in six compartments with raised bands; titles, authors, publisher name, place, and date lettered in gilt on spine; red edges; later marbled paper flyleaves and pastedowns.

Cataloguing

Catalogue Note

The first edition of Sha‘arei ha-teshuvah, a pathbreaking work of rabbinical-ethical literature.


Rabbi Jonah Gerondi (ca. 1200-1263), a leading Sephardic yeshiva head, was also one of the most important Jewish moralists of the thirteenth century. His Sha‘arei ha-teshuvah, which guides the reader through the process of repentance and forgiveness by drawing on ancient Talmudic teachings, was, according to legend, written as a personal act of penitence for his participation in the conflict surrounding Maimonides’ philosophical works, the result of which was the public burning of these books. Another ethical treatise, Sefer ha-yir’ah (first edition: Leiria, ca. 1495), which discusses in detail the everyday behaviors befitting a God-fearer, has long been ascribed to Gerondi, although modern scholarship has called this attribution into question, based on the large number of manuscripts of the work copied in Germany and France rather than Spain. The last treatise presented here, Musar haskel (first edition: Fano, 1503), has traditionally been assigned to Rabbi Hai ben Sherira Gaon (939-1038), although this attribution, too, is uncertain. The work, a poem in one hundred eighty verses, is written in the style of wisdom literature such as the biblical book of Proverbs, instructing the reader in how to lead an elevated, ethical life.


Provenance

Joel Snowman (front flyleaf)


Elhanan ben Tabeel (f. [45v])


Literature

A.M. Habermann, Ha-madpisim benei soncino: toledoteihem u-reshimat ha-sefarim ha-ivrim she-nidpesu al yedeihem (Vienna: David Fraenkel, 1933), 50 (no. 27).


Marvin J. Heller, The Sixteenth Century Hebrew Book: An Abridged Thesaurus, vol. 1 (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2004), 22-23.


Chaim and Betzalel Stefansky, Sifrei yesod: sifrei ha-yesod shel ha-sifriyyah ha-yehudit ha-toranit (n.p.: Chaim and Betzalel Stefansky, 2019), 129 (no. 459).


Vinograd, Fano 9


Isaac Yudlov and G.J. Ormann, Sefer ginzei yisra’el: sefarim, hoverot, va-alonim me-osef dr. yisra’el mehlman, asher be-beit ha-sefarim ha-le’ummi ve-ha-universita’i (Jerusalem: JNUL, 1984), 160 (no. 973).

Sacred Splendor: Judaica from the Arthur and Gitel Marx Collection
Live Auction Begins:20 Nov 2019 | 03:00 PM GMT