JAKOB PHILIPP HACKERT | Italianate landscape with Mercury, Argus and Io;  Italianate landscape with banditti conversing
JAKOB PHILIPP HACKERT | Italianate landscape with Mercury, Argus and Io;  Italianate landscape with banditti conversing
JAKOB PHILIPP HACKERT | Italianate landscape with Mercury, Argus and Io;  Italianate landscape with banditti conversing
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Property from an Important Private Collection

JAKOB PHILIPP HACKERT | Italianate landscape with Mercury, Argus and Io; Italianate landscape with banditti conversing

Estimate: 30,000 - 50,000 GBP

Property from an Important Private Collection

JAKOB PHILIPP HACKERT | Italianate landscape with Mercury, Argus and Io; Italianate landscape with banditti conversing

Estimate: 30,000 - 50,000 GBP

Lot Sold:118,750GBP

Lot Details

Description

Property from an Important Private Collection

JAKOB PHILIPP HACKERT

Prenzlau 1737 - 1807 Florence

Italianate landscape with Mercury, Argus and Io;

Italianate landscape with banditti conversing


the latter signed and dated lower right: J.Phi: Hackert / pinx: à Roma / 1773

a pair, both oil on canvas

the former: 120.2 x 177.2 cm.; 47⅜ x 69¾ in.

the latter: 120 x 178 cm; 47¼ x 70⅛ in.

(2)

Condition Report

The former:

The canvas is lined, the paint surface is clean and the varnish is clear and even. Inspection under ultraviolet light reveals a campaign of older strengthening in some of the leaves of the foliage throughout, and a more recent campaign of cosmetic retouchings which comprise fine lines through the sky and distant mountain to reduce the appearance of craquelure. There are some small retouchings scattered in the shepherd in red. There are a few further retouchings, notably to a small patch of restoration to the foliage above the figures 2 x 4 cm., around the branch that extends to the left in the centre, and to a handful of more concentrated patches in the upper right corner (the largest of which measures 5 x 5 cm.). Any older restoration beneath the varnish is difficult to discern.


The latter:

The canvas is lined, the paint surface is clean and the varnish is clear and even. Inspection under ultraviolet light similarly reveals minor, mostly cosmetic retouchings. There is retouching along the upper and right margins, and to a vertical line running from the centre of the composition down through the standing figure to the lower margin, with two concentrated areas of restoration in the background above this figure, the larger of which measures 2 x 2 cm. There is also a horizontal line of retouching approx. 40 cm. long in the centre of the sky through the foliage and above the mountain. Other small retouchings are scattered in parts of the foliage, in the yellow cloak of the left-most figure of the central group, in the body of the standing figure, and in pin-prick retouchings scattered in parts of the sky.


Both in overall good condition and ready to hang in their current state.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Cataloguing

Provenance

With Bernheimer, Munich and London, October 1999 (when advertised in Apollo).

Catalogue Note

Hackert was a lifelong admirer of the works of his 17th-century predecessor Salvator Rosa (1615–73), and the first of these two large landscapes, depicting Mercury, Argus and Io, is in fact directly based upon a Rosa original that he would have seen in Rome in 1773. The original is now in the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City,1 but at that date it was one of a small group of works by Rosa hanging in the Palazzo Chigi in Rome, the residence of Prince Agostino Chigi, where it had hung since 1658.


Hackert's source for the composition of the companion canvas is not known, however, although it too must have been based upon Rosa or else painted in close emulation of his style in order to serve as a pendant. Though the Chigi collection possessed other landscapes by Rosa, their descriptions in old inventories do not match the present picture, nor indeed does any surviving work by Rosa. Groups of banditti similar to those painted by Hackert populate many of Rosa's landscapes in the mid-1650s, and Rosa also made a number of engravings of similar subjects.


1 Inv. no. 32-192/1; see S. Russell, 'Salvator Rosa and Herman van Swanevelt', in Salvator Rosa e il suo tempo, 1615–1673, S. Ebert-Schifferer, H. Langdon and C. Volpi (eds), Rome 2010, pp. 346–48, reproduced.

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