A RARE GILT-BRONZE SEATED FIGURE OF A DAOIST DEITY QING DYNASTY, 18TH CENTURY | 清十八世紀 鎏金銅道教神仙坐像
PROPERTY FROM A DANISH PRIVATE COLLECTION
A RARE GILT-BRONZE SEATED FIGURE OF A DAOIST DEITY
QING DYNASTY, 18TH CENTURY
well-cast, seated with both hands raised in an animated gesture, dressed in a long fluid robe with finely incised ruyi scroll borders falling in voluminous folds over the legs, tied at the waist with a double knot, the well-defined face with a gentle smile, framed by neatly adorned hair gathered up in a Daoist lotus cap and a long pointed beard
Height 26.5 cm, 10½ in.
This figure is heavily cast and richly gilt, with some light wear/scratches to the surface and nicks to the edges. The attribute to the left side of the figure, and the top of the hat are now missing.
"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.
NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."
Collection of Astrid Ibsen-Sørensen (1892-1987), collected in China before 1936.
In the family by descent.
Astrid Ibsen-Sørensen （1892-1987年）收藏，於1936年以前購自中國，此後家族傳承
This rare and well-cast figure most likely depicts one of the Three Purities (Sanqing), the embodiment of the Dao and the three highest deities in the Daoist pantheon. The Sanqing developed from the tripartite division of the celestial realms and first emerged in the Tang dynasty (618-907), when attempts were made to group Daoist deities in a coherent system. The Quanzhen sect (Complete Realisation sect) of Taoism understood the deities as representing the Celestial Worthy of Primordial Beginning (Yuanshi tianzun), the Celestial Worthy of Numinous Treasure (Lingao tianzu), and the Celestial Worthy of the Way and Its Power (Daode tianzun). As manifestations of the Three Energies and rulers of the Three Caverns (Sandong), they are considered the source of all life and knowledge, see Stephen Little, Taoism and the Arts of China, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 2002, pp. 229-231.
Gilt-bronze figures of the Sanqing from the Qing dynasty are unusual, and examples are more commonly known attributed to the Ming period (1368-1644). Compare for example a smaller seated figure of deified Laozi, also identified as the Celestial Worthy of the Way and Its Power, dated by inscription to 1438, and signed Chen Yanqing (active 15th century), in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, included in the Museum’s exhibition Wisdom Embodied. Chinese Buddhist and Daoist Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2010, cat. no. 38, and sold at Christie’s New York, 21st November 1995, lot 493; another signed Chen Chanqing, sold at Christie’s London, 10th December 1979, lot 45; and a third, identified as the Celestial Worthy of Numinous Treasure, and attributed to the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368), sold twice at Christie’s Hong Kong, 1st May 2000, lot 751, and 29th November 2005, lot 1608.