AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD
132

AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD

Estimate: 60,000 - 80,000 GBP

AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD

Estimate: 60,000 - 80,000 GBP

Lot Details

Description

AYN AL-QUDAT HAMADANI (D.1130 AD), TAMHIDAT, ON MYSTICISM, COPIED BY ABU’L-MAKARIM B. ‘ALI AL-MURSHIDI, PERSIA, TIMURID OR AQQOYUNLU, DATED 866 AH/1461-62 AD


Persian manuscript on paper, 173 leaves, plus 2 fly-leaves, 14 lines to the page, written in naskh in black ink, important sentences in gold or red thuluth, ruled in gold and blue, f.1b and f.2a with a gold and polychrome illuminated frontispiece, in brown gilt and stamped leather binding, with flap


text panel: 10.3 by 7.8cm.

leaf: 15.2 by 12cm.

Condition Report

The margins with minor holes, some stains and rubbing throughout, some losses to the illumination in the incipit page, as viewed.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Cataloguing

Catalogue Note

The author

Abu’l-Ma’ali Abdallah ibn Abi Bakr Muhammed Mayaneji ‘Ayn al-Qudat Hamadani (d.1131 AD) was born in Hamadan, in modern-day Iran. From a very early age he turned to Sufism and was educated by Muhammad ibn Hammuya and Ahmad al-Ghazali (d.1126 AD), the brother of Muhammad al-Ghazali (d.1111 AD). He became a Sufi teacher, attracting many students from all over Central Asia, to the point that the Seljuk vizir in Baghdad imprisoned him for several months. He was later released and sent back to Hamadan, where he was tortured and sentenced to death.


The text

The Tamhidat ('Preludes' on mysticism) is his most important work in Persian. The manuscript deals with the Sufi tradition, rituals, philosophical assumptions and some Quranic interpretations. The text became popular in sixteenth-century Ottoman Turkey and was translated twice into Turkish (see F. Meier, Der Islam 24, 1937, p.5). The present copy is testament to Hamdani’s popularity in Turkey as it was owned by an Ottoman, ‘Abd al-Shukur, who left his seal impression dated 1283 AH (1866-67 AD).


The scribe

Better known as Abu al-Makarim ibn 'Ali Murshidi, Abu Makarim was a court calligrapher active during mid-fifteenth-century Persia, under Uzun Hasan (r.1457-78) and Sultan Yaqub (r.1478-90). For more information about the court of Sultan Yaqub see lot 121 in the current sale. Only four other works by Abu al-Makarim are known: the first is a manuscript copy of the Qasida al-Burda in thuluth and naskh scripts, accompanied by its Persian translation and dated 873 AH/1468 AD (M.Bayani, ahval va athar-e khosh-navisan, vol.iv, 1358sh, p.11); a copy of the Qur'an, executed in thuluth script and dated 875 AH/1470 AD, now in the Topkapi Saray Museum Library (TSM inv.no.K.13, see F.E. Karatay, Arapça Yazmalar Kataloğu, volume 1, Istanbul, 1962, pp.102-3, cat.368); a copy of Rumi’s Mathnavi dated 862 AH/1457 AD (F.E. Karatay, Farsça Yazmalar Kataloğu, Istanbul, 1961, p.178, cat.505) and a copy of Dua' al-Usbuiyyah (Prayers for each day of the week) which combines thuluth and naskh scripts (sold in these rooms 24 April 2013, lot 12).

Arts of the Islamic World
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