December 10, 04:02 PM GMT
20,000 - 30,000 EUR
QUATRE FEUILLES DE L'ALBUM IMPÉRIAL DES MINORITÉS "ZHIGONG TU", VOL. VI (ZHIGONG TU LIU CE) DYNASTIE QING, ÉPOQUE QIANLONG, CA. 1750-1761
清乾隆 御製「職貢圖」冊六 設色絹本 四幀
Four leaves from the Imperial Album of Minorities 'Zhigong tu', Vol. VI (Zhigong tu liu ce)
Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, ca. 1750-1761
encre et couleurs sur soie, l'une représentant un homme issu d'un groupe de minorités, avec un titre et une inscription en chinois à droite, les trois autres représentant chacune une femme issue de différents groupes de minorités, avec un titre en chinois et en manchu à droite, et avec une inscription en manchu à gauche (4)
Ink and colour on silk, illustrating one man and three women representing four of the 58 minority groups in Gansu and Sichuan
chaque feuille 32,3 x 30,3 cm, each leaf 12⅝ by 12 in.
每幀 32.3 x 30.3 公分， 12⅝x 12 英寸
The Huang Qing Zhigong tu is a monumental compilation in pictures and text on the historical backgrounds, geographical locations. products. dining habits. costume designs and local customs of the 27 countries which held diplomatic relations with the Qing court under the Kangxi emperor. Compiled between 1750 and 1761, it comprised three parts and included the illustrated volumes, the written volumes and the printed volumes.
The illustrated part was originally conceived as three sets of handcrolls (juan) and album leaves executed by imperial court painters. While two handscrolls are in the Palace Museum, Beijing. and in the National Palace. Taipei, only three incomplete albums of the Huang Qing Zhigong tu are known to this date. All three of these albums were discovered in France, the first comprising 52 leaves from the sixth volume of illustrations from the Zhigong tu was offered in Sotheby's Hong Kong, 8th October 2006. lot 1103; the second, comprising 36 leaves from the first volume of illustrations from the Zhigong tu, sold with Joron-Derem, Paris, 14th December 2016, lot 376; the third comprising 26 leaves from the fourth album of illustrations from the Zhigong tu. sold with Marc Labarbe. 18th June 2016.
The four illustrations in the present lot are painted on silk, and mounted on paper and silk. Each leaf depicts a single figure including three women and a man accompanied by an inscription in either Chinese or Manchu. The complete printed part of the Zhigong tu allows us to attribute these four leaves to volume six of the Zhigong tu (Zhigong tu liu ce) which relates to the thirdjuan of the handscroll in the Palace Museum, Beijing. The particular subject of this scroll is devoted to the minority tribes of Gansu and Sichuan and contains a total of 58 illustrations corresponding to the 58 minority tribes. The album of illustrations offered in 2006 in Sotheby's Hong Kong is the incomplete volume six (Zhigong tu liu ce) and contains 52 pages depicting figures from the minority tribes of Gansu and Sichuan. As the album offered in Sotheby's Hong Kong was incomplete comprising 20 double pages featuring a man and a woman from 20 tribes and a further 12 pages revealing either a man or a woman, we can assume that the four album leaves offered here are among the missing eight illustrations from the same album.
These four illustrations from Zhigong tu liu ce are a rare and important discovery. As noted by Nie Chongzheng in his introduction to the album offered in Sotheby's Hong Kong in 2006, 'the French album (Zhigong tu liu ce) (from which these four illustrations are taken) is invaluable as it is the earliest known edition: the production of the Tibutes first commenced in the Sichuan Province. In the 8th month of Qianlong 15th year (1750), the emperor ordered the Sichuan governor-general to submit descriptive drawings of certain tribes of his land. Once received, the emperor had these illustrations processed, edited. and a standardized format was generated. In the 6th month of Qianlong 16th year (1751), this project expanded into a nationwide scale', see Nie Chongzheng;Tributes to the Imperial Qing: in Sotheby's Hong Kong. 8th October 2006. pp.198-199.