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Keith Haring
UNTITLED
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LOT SOLD. 944,750 GBP
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9
Keith Haring
UNTITLED
Estimate
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
Double Dagger
Indicates that the lot is being sold whilst subject to Temporary Importation, and that VAT is due at the reduced rate
Guaranteed Property
Guaranteed Property. The seller of lots with this symbol has been guaranteed a minimum price from one auction or a series of auctions. If every lot in a catalogue is guaranteed, the Conditions of Sale will so state and this symbol will not be used for each lot.
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LOT SOLD. 944,750 GBP
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Details & Cataloguing

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

|
London

Keith Haring
1958 - 1990
UNTITLED
signed and dated March 1982 twice on the reverse
day-glo enamel paint on metal shelving
90.8 by 120 cm. 35 3/4 by 47 1/4 in.
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Provenance

Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York

Private Collection, New York

Collection Richard Hines, Seattle

Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York

Private Collection, Europe

Acquired from the above by the present owner 

Exhibited

New York, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Keith Haring, October - November 1982

New York, Whitney Museum of American Art; Toronto, Art Gallery of Ontario; Miami, Museum of Contemporary Art Miami; San Francisco, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and Montreal, Museum of Fine Arts, Keith Haring, June 1997 - January 1999, p. 45, illustrated in colour (inversely illustrated)

New York, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Keith Haring: Paintings, Sculpture, Objects and Drawings, November 2005 - March 2006

Paris, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; and San Francisco, de Young Museum, Keith Haring: The Political Line, April 2013 - February 2015, p. 161, no. 70, illustrated in colour (Paris); and p. 139, no. 92, illustrated in colour (San Francisco) 

Literature

Exh. Cat., Seoul, Arario Gallery, Keith Haring: The Public Artist, December 2002 - February 2003, p. 8, illustrated (Keith Haring making the present work) 

Jeffrey Deitch, Ed., Keith Haring, New York 2014, p. 225, illustrated in colour (installed in Tony Shafrazi Gallery, 1982) 

Catalogue Note

Executed in 1982, Untitled is archetypal of Keith Haring’s inimitable graphic style and narrates the artist’s first major critical breakthrough. First exhibited in the basement of Haring’s landmark show in October - November 1982 at the Tony Shafrazi Gallery, the present work formed part of the 'black light installation' in which each of the day-glo paintings and sculptures on display were lit by psychedelic ultra-violet light, electrifying their neon hues. The show opened to tremendous acclaim, both critical and commercial. In Shafrazi’s own words: “In 1982, Keith had what I call his ‘coming-out show’… The opening drew close to a thousand people and spilled out onto the streets for hours. He was ‘it’. The crowd was amazing – filled with celebrities, socialites, downtown Club 57 family, art students, and all of Keith’s way-uptown hip-hop friends from the Bronx and Harlem. What a mix. It was truly a magnificent happening” (Tony Shafrazi cited in: Exh. Cat., Milan, Fondazione Triennale di Milano, The Keith Haring Show, 2005-06, p. 105). As art critics Edit de Ak and Lisa Liebmann added: “This show was Haring epic, Part One, with all scenes, fragments, motifs and media assembled, structured graphically and architectonically” (Edit de Ak and Lisa Liebmann, 'Keith Haring: Tony Shafrazi Gallery', Artforum, January 1983, n.p.). Suddenly celebrated as a hero of the city’s hippest community, Haring was then invited to exhibit in Holland, Italy, Belgium, and England as well as in Japan. As evidenced by the vibrant colours and energetic handling of enamel in the present work, with paint splatters and drips relaying the immediacy of its execution, the artist’s confidence and unique visual language had already reached maturity at this young age, and would make him one of the most influential artists of his generation.

Dancers and dancing were the life force behind Haring’s art, and nowhere is this more apparent than in Untitled. Haring’s oft-repeated pyramid and UFO motifs are here articulated in neon pink and vivid green paint. Offering a pulsating viewing experience that echoes the sonic rhythms and drum machines of nascent hip-hop, this painting utterly encapsulates the vibrant and liberal spirit of the underground New York club scene during the early 1980s. Haring’s now iconic employment of the UFO and pyramid symbols stemmed from his innovative translation of a new wave of dance that began to proliferate during this period: the electric boogie. At its deepest level the electric boogie goes far back into African-American diaspora; from the Kongo priests of the classical religion through to the Baptist Christians of America’s Deep South. Indeed, the jerking movements, angular torso motions, and shoulder popping prevalent in electric boogie were movements entirely derived from a legacy of the ‘Spirit’ as made supernaturally manifest in the body of a worshipper. The electric boogie was thus born during the 1970s and 80s when these spiritual convulsions found transmutation into widely popular choreographic dance moves.

This dance revolution occurred at the same moment that Haring moved from Kutztown, Pennsylvania, to New York City, and it was here that he first saw the breakdancing B-Boys emulate sharp and electronic robotic motion as though caught in the shimmer of strobe-lighting. Shortly afterwards, flying saucers, from which electric strobes emanated a kind of cosmic new-age energy, began appearing in the graphic lexicon of Haring’s work. In addition to these symbols, which also inferred the existence of an extra-terrestrial higher being, Haring began introducing pyramids and explicitly Ancient Egyptian motifs into his work. Indeed, where the breakdance discipline of ‘Tutting’, a reference to the Ancient Egyptian King Tutankhamun, assimilated the upper body angular poses from Egyptian friezes, Haring re-assimilated Ancient Egyptian visual influence through the lens of contemporary dance. Herein, the pyramid refers to the performance of ‘Team Tut’ in which people piled on top of each other in a pyramidal shape making sharp angles signed with their hands. Intriguingly, it was these angular upper body movements particular to ‘tutting’ – which they also called “throwing hieroglyphs” – that developed into the popular dance trend of ‘vogueing’ during the later 1980s (Hernando Molina in conversation with Robert Farris Thompson cited in: Exh. Cat., Paris, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (and travelling), Keith Haring: The Political Line, 2013-15, p. 54). Thus, at once referring to an ancient past via the bas-relief conventions of classical Egyptian art and an electrically charged futuristic civilisation, pyramids pulsating with extra-terrestrial energy came to populate and symbolise Haring’s dance fuelled practice.

Utterly infused with the beats and rhythms of 1980s hip-hop and breakdance culture, Untitled from 1982 stands as a powerful testament to Haring’s life and work. Not only does it vividly capture the artist’s instantly recognisable aesthetic, it also demonstrates the unmatched immediacy of his paintings and his passion for cutting edge forms of dance. At once joyous and rebellious, the work represents the spirit of a generation in an exciting and assured display of technical brilliance and visual power.

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

|
London