Gaspar Homar: Moblista I dissenyador del modernisme, Barcelona, 1998, p. 69 (for a similar chair with variant floral decoration in the collection of the Museu d'Art Modern del MNAC, Barcelona)
Though a noted designer of the Art Nouveau movement, Gaspar Homar’s work has only recently been introduced to a broader audience outside of his native Spain through the traveling exhibition “Barcelona and Modernity.” However to classify his work as simply art nouveau in style is to underestimate the eclectic and varying influences on Homar’s design. Trained under the master craftsman Francesc Vidal after leaving his home in Majorca, Homar retained the value of design and artistry throughout his career. His furniture is characterized by intricacies of floral marquetry and inclusion of exotic woods. Although clearly absorbing his European contemporaries aesthetic for curvilinear and ornate designs, Homar’s work is infused with the Gothic and Mediterranean influences of his cultural heritage. Homar emerged alongside his contemporary Antonio Gaudi as a star Spanish furniture and interior designer. The majority of his designs remain in private residences and permanent museum collections throughout Spain.
These chairs were formerly in the collection of H. W. Janson, distinguished author and art historian, and his wife, Dora Jane Janson. He began his career in the United States after fleeing Nazi controlled Germany in the 1930 as a statement of opposition to their policies on the arts. He went on to become a significant art historical figure in the United States, as a writer and professor. While in residence at Washington University in the late 1940s, he developed one of the pre-eminent collegiate collections of Modern art, which was the subject of a traveling exhibition entitled Exile and Modernism in 2004. For 25 years he served as the head of the Art History department of New York University. Dora Jane Janson Author of many books, his 1962 History of Art, co-written with his wife, remains the seminal introductory text of art history.
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