The name Chakrasamvara literally means the Wheel of Bliss, and he is a tantric meditational deity. Chakrasamvara is believed to be a manifestation of Shakyamuni Buddha, who takes this form in order to benefit all sentient beings. In the present figure, this belief is indicated by the small Shakyamuni Buddha that surmounts the figure.
The present figure resembles images of fierce protectors excavated in Yunnan, such as the one illustrated in The Remaining Treasures of the Buddhist Kingdom, The Nanzhao-Dali Kingdom: Paradise of Buddhism,
Kunming, 2007, p. 109, and now in the Yunnan Provincial Museum.
The facial features and the way the multiple arms are irregularly arranged are strikingly similar.
Another example of a fierce protector from the Dali Kingdom is in the collection of the British Museum and is illustrated in Chinese Art in Overseas Collections, Buddhist Sculpture II, Taipei, 1995, no. 169.