33
33
South Netherlandish, second half 17th century


BUST OF A GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE SPANISH NETHERLANDS, PROBABLY ARCHDUKE LEOPOLD WILHELM OF AUSTRIA
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33
South Netherlandish, second half 17th century


BUST OF A GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE SPANISH NETHERLANDS, PROBABLY ARCHDUKE LEOPOLD WILHELM OF AUSTRIA
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Details & Cataloguing

Defining Taste
Works selected by Danny Katz

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London

South Netherlandish, second half 17th century


BUST OF A GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE SPANISH NETHERLANDS, PROBABLY ARCHDUKE LEOPOLD WILHELM OF AUSTRIA
numbered to the reverse: 2
gilt bronze, on a gilt bronze socle
30.5cm., 12in.
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Provenance

Arturo José Lopez-Willshaw, Paris
his sale, Sotheby's Monte Carlo, 23 June 1976, lot 32
British Rail Pension Fund, London
its sale, Sotheby's London, 4 July 1996, lot 39

Exhibited

London, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1976-1995

Literature

B. von Götz-Mohr, ‘Je maintiendray. Vier Bronzebüsten aus einer Bildnisreihe des Hauses Orangien’, Städel-Jahrbuch, XI, 1987, pp. 252-253, fig. 15 (as William III, Prince of Orange).

Catalogue Note

The present bust belongs to a series of portraits formerly believed to represent the Princes of Orange-Nassau but which have now been cautiously identified as busts of the Governor-Generals of the Spanish Netherlands. The largest grouping of this series are the four casts in Frankfurt, formerly belonging to the Antwerp businessman August de Ridder (1837-1911). Three of these are in the Museum für Angewandte Kunst, while the other is in the Liebieghaus, Frankfurt. They are believed to represent Archduke Albert of Austria, the Cardinal-Infant Ferdinand, the Marquis of Castel-Rodrigo and the Marquis of Caracena. In establishing the identity of the present bust, a strong resemblance to Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (1614-1662) can be discerned in the narrowness of the face and pointed nose, as well as the - relatively typical - arrangement of hair and moustache as seen in David Teniers depictions of him. Unlike two of the busts in the series, it does not display the Golden Fleece, an Order of which Leopold Wilhelm was not a member. The somewhat anachronistic foliate decoration is, however, unusual amongst the portraits of him wearing armour. While the authorship of the busts has yet to be identified, Leopold Wilhelm's court sculptor Jerome Duquesnoy is unlikely to have been responsible for the series. A more plausible candidate, who ran a workshop that also cast bronzes, is Jan Baptiste van Helderberghe (c.1651-1734).

Another bust from the series appeared in these rooms on 12th December 1996, lot 85. Interestingly, it was incised to the rear with the number '8' (the present bust is incised 2'). This may refer either to the foundry model number or to the final arrangement of the busts within an architectural framework such as a library.

Defining Taste
Works selected by Danny Katz

|
London