A pillow of this form incised with confronting ducks was included in the exhibition Chinese Ceramic Pillows from Yeung Wing Tak Collection,
Museum of Oriental Ceramics, Osaka, 1984, cat. no. 16; and one with confronted deer, in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, is illustrated in Rose Kerr, Song Dynasty Ceramics
, London, 2004, pl. 61. See also two pillows decorated with a single bird included in the exhibition Charm of Black and White Ware. Transition of Cizhou Type Wares
, Osaka Municipal Museum, Osaka, 2002, cat. nos 19 and 21, the first in the Sano Art Museum, Shizuoka; another in the British Museum, London, included in the exhibition Freedom of Clay and Brush Through Seven Centuries in Northern China: Tz’u-chou Type Wares, 960-1600 A.D.
, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, 1980, cat. no. 16, where it is compared with another pillow in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, fig. 34; and the fragment of a pillow excavated at the Xiguan kilns, Mixian, Henan province, fig. 35.
Both the motif of confronting birds and the carefully stamped ‘fish-roe’ ground on this pillow, were inspired by designs on metalware. Compare for example a silver casket with two confronting birds, attributed to the Liao dynasty (907-1125), in the Shaanxi History Museum, Xi’an, illustrated in National Treasures. Collection of Rare Cultural Relics of Shaanxi Province, Xi’an, 1998, p. 144.