Lacquer brushpots are very rare, since even lacquer layers are difficult to apply to vertical shapes. Carved lacquer of this type, with low relief scenes depicted in black against a red diaper ground, belong to a group of large vessels created towards the end of the Ming dynasty. A long rectangular box depicting figures in a pavilion setting, is illustrated in Karamono. Selections from the Tokugawa Art Museum, no. 2, Nagoya, 1997, pl. 108; a meiping vase and cylindrical box, respectively decorated with panels of flowers and figures in a landscape, is published in Zhongguo qiqi quanji [Complete series on Chinese lacquer], vol. 5, Fuzhou, 1995, pls. 172 and 173; an octagonal box with figures in landscapes is included in Ancient Chinese Arts in the Idemitsu Collection, Tokyo, 1989, pl. 379; and a scroll tray carved with insects and flowers, was sold at Christie’s New York, 29th March 2006, lot 252.