116
116

PROPERTY FROM A JAPANESE COLLECTION

A FINE AND RARE TEA-DUST GLAZED 'THREE RAMS' VASE
SEAL MARK AND PERIOD OF QIANLONG
Estimate
1,500,0002,000,000
LOT SOLD. 4,975,000 HKD
JUMP TO LOT
116

PROPERTY FROM A JAPANESE COLLECTION

A FINE AND RARE TEA-DUST GLAZED 'THREE RAMS' VASE
SEAL MARK AND PERIOD OF QIANLONG
Estimate
1,500,0002,000,000
LOT SOLD. 4,975,000 HKD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Monochrome

|
Hong Kong

A FINE AND RARE TEA-DUST GLAZED 'THREE RAMS' VASE
SEAL MARK AND PERIOD OF QIANLONG
potted with a gently compressed globular body rising from a splayed foot to a tall waisted neck, the upper shoulder decorated with three ram heads, the lower neck encircled by a raised double-fillet band, repeated at the central and lower body, covered overall save for the footring with a warm mottled olive-green glaze thinning to the rim and rams' horns, the base with a six-character seal mark beneath a brown dressing, wood stand, Japanese wood box
34.2 cm, 13 3/8  in.
Read Condition Report Read Condition Report

Provenance

Sen Shu Tey, Tokyo, 2016.

Exhibited

The Collection of Chinese Art II – Special Exhibition 'Strolled for last ten years', Sen Shu Tey, Tokyo, 2016, cat. no. 145.

Catalogue Note

Vases of this design appear to have been introduced in the Yongzheng period. A line drawing of this form is included among Yongzheng shapes in Geng Baochang, Ming Qing ciqi jianding [Appraisal of Ming and Qing porcelain], Hong Kong, 1993, p. 235, fig. 401:13, where it is called sanxizun ('vase of three beasts'), referring to the kind of animals used in ritual offerings.

See a similar tea-dust glazed 'three rams' vase of Qianlong mark and period sold three times in these rooms: 28th November 1979 lot 317, 18th November 1986, lot 99, from the collection of T.Y. Chao, and 29th April 1992, lot 89, and once in our New York rooms, 27th November 1990, lot 34, from the collection of Ira and Nancy Roger, illustrated in Sotheby's. Thirty Years in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 2003, pl. 157; and another, sold in these rooms, 5th October 2016, lot 3656.

Vases of this form were also decorated in Ru or guan type glazes. Compare two Ru-type glazed examples in the National Palace Museum, Taipei: one from the Yongzheng period, included in the Illustrated Catalogue of Ch'ing Dynasty Porcelain in the National Palace Museum: K'ang-hsi Ware and Yung-cheng Ware, Tokyo, 1980, pl. 129; and the other from the Qianlong period, illustrated in the Museum's exhibition catalogue Qingdai danseyou ciqi/Special Exhibition of Ch'ing Dynasty Monochrome Porcelains in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, 1989, cat. no. 88. Another Qianlong example with a guan-type glaze in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, is published in S.W. Bushell, Oriental Ceramic Art, London, 1981 (1896), col. pl. LXXVII.

The ram is a traditional emblem of good luck, since the Chinese term for ram (or goat), yang, is a homophone of yang, 'sun', and represents the male or positive principle in the yin-yang duality. The Chinese character for ram is also used as a variant for a similar character pronounced xiang, which means happiness. Three rams, san yang, are considered a particularly auspicious symbol, evoking the expression san yang kai tai, the awakening of nature in spring, which signifies good luck and happiness.

The Qianlong Emperor appears to have been particularly fond of the motif of the three rams (or goats), since during his reign it was frequently represented in two- and three-dimensional form; see, for example, a jade and a glass carving included in the exhibition China. The Three Emperors, 1662-1795, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2005-6, cat. nos 298-299. A 'three rams' vase of meiping form with a guan-type glaze, also of Qianlong mark and period, from the Qing court collection and still remaining in the Palace Museum, Beijing, is published in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Monochrome Porcelain, Hong Kong, 1999, pl. 208.

Monochrome

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Hong Kong