Löffler's view of the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Haram esh-Sharif (or Temple Mount) is towards the Mount of Olives in the east. The mosque is among the three holiest site in Islam. Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey.
Löffler first travelled to the Middle East in 1849, visiting Jerusalem, Egypt, Palestine, and Asia Minor, returning to Munich at the end of 1850. He enjoyed the patronage of the kings of Prussia and of Württemberg.