Lot 11
  • 11

FRANCESCO FURINI | Generosity or Liberality

12,000 - 18,000 EUR
bidding is closed


  • Francesco Furini
  • Generosity or Liberality
  • Inscribed lower right: EST.MODUS.IN.REBUS
  • Oil on canvas
  • 122 x 92,4 cm ; 48 by 36 1/3  in.


Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby’s, 23 June 1982, lot 61.


G. Cantelli, Repertorio della Pittura Fiorentina del Seicento, Florence 1983, p. 90;
G. Cantelli, Repertorio della Pittura Fiorentina del Seicento - Aggiornamento, Pisa 2009, vol. I, p. 114;
G. Cantelli, Francesco Furini e i Furiniani, Pisa 2010, p. 127, no 57, pl. 57, reproduced.

Catalogue Note

There is measure in all things1: Furini choses Horace's maxim to evoke Generosity or Liberality. Personified as a nude woman, she leans upon the quotation from the Roman poet inscribed on a stone pedestal. Furini was inspired by the depiction of Generosity as defined by Cesare Ripa in his Iconology2, who, in her right hand, 'holds strings of jewels and pearls, displaying them as if offering them as gifts.' Generosity forms part of a group of works by Furini in which he reinterprets the figure of Andromeda3: thus we also find her in his Temperance4 and his Allegory of Liberality5.

1. Horace, Satires, I. I., v. 106 (est modus in rebus).
2. C. Ripa, Iconologie, Paris, 1743, pp. 79-80, fig. LXVII.
3. Furini, Andromeda, around 1636, oil on canvas (131 x 101 cm), Hermitage, St Petersburg (inv. ГЭ-6715).
4. Oil on canvas, 130 x 71 cm, Museo de Arte de Ponce, Puerto Rico (inv. 66.0598).
5. Oil on canvas, 75 x 58 cm, Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, Budapest (inv. 215a).