oil on canvas
Visible in this carefully rendered, topographically accurate portrait of the house is the separation of the outdoor spaces arranged by Alamanno Salviati (1510-71; see the following lot) and his son Jacopo between 1570 and 1579. Alamanno and Jacopo separated terraces and lawns (used for ceremonies, banquets and tournaments) with a columned wall from agricultural lands used for the commercial cultivation of citrus fruits and vineyards, olives, grain and barley. This division reflected the early modern belief that the suburban villa should serve for both otium (leisure) and negotium (business).
Arthur Vansittart (1807-59) started renting the Villa Salviati with his wife, Diana Crosbie, in 1836, eventually buying it, along with all its contents, in 1844. Much of the furniture and many of the pictures were brought to Foots Cray Place in Kent following the sale of the villa in 1854 (although the present work, and the following lot, do not appear to have been included in the Foots Cray sale of 1 May 1876).
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