Lot 18
  • 18

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL, HON. R.A. | After Daubigny

Estimate
100,000 - 150,000 GBP
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Description

  • Winston Churchill
  • After Daubigny
  • signed with initials and inscribed
  • oil on canvas
  • 51 by 76cm.; 20 by 30in.
  • Executed circa 1915.

Provenance

Gifted by the Artist to the Earl of Birkenhead and thence by descent to the present owner

Exhibited

St Helier, Jersey, Broad Street Art Gallery, Exhibition in Aid of Mrs Roosevelt's King George V Fund, cat. no.24 (details untraced);
London, Sotheby’s, Painting as a Pastime, Winston Churchill – His Life as a Painter, 5th - 17th January 1998, cat. no.164, p.135.

Literature

The Connoisseur, August 1953, illustrated (details untraced);
David Coombs, Churchill, His Paintings, Hamish Hamilton, London, 1967, cat. no.164, illustrated p.142;
David Coombs and Minnie Churchill, Sir Winston Churchill, His Life and his Paintings, Ware House Publishing, Lyme Regis, 2011, cat. no.C164, illustrated p.94.

Condition

The present condition report was written by Hamish Dewar 31/05/19: Structural Condition The canvas is unlined and is securely attached to a keyed wooden stretcher. This is providing a stable structural support. Paint surface The paint surface displays ingrained dirt and has a markedly discoloured varnish layer and should respond very well to cleaning and revarnishing. I would be confident of significant colour change as a result of the removal of the dirt and varnish layers. The paint surface is stable. Inspection under ultraviolet light confirms the discoloured and opaque varnish layer which prevents the ultraviolet light from fully penetrating. Inspection under ultraviolet light shows a small retouching with associated tiny spots within the water in the lower right, and two small spots on the right part of the lower edge. Due to the opaque varnish layers it is difficult to ascertain the extent of any previous restoration work. Summary The painting would therefore appear to be in good and stable condition.
"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.
NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Catalogue Note

We are grateful to David Coombs for his kind assistance with the cataloguing of the present work.  ‘I hope this is modest enough: because there is no subject on which I feel more humble or yet at the same time more natural. I do not presume to explain how to paint, but only how to get enjoyment. Do not turn the superior eye of critical passivity upon these efforts. Buy a paint-box and have a try. If you need something to occupy your leisure, to divert your mind from your daily round, to illuminate your holidays, do not be too ready to believe that you cannot find what you want here.’ (Sir Winston Churchill, Hon. R.A., Painting as a Pastime, The Strand Magazine, 1921/2, copyright, Churchill Heritage Ltd)

Winston Churchill first took up a brush in 1915, while he and his family were enjoying a much needed retreat from London in the Surrey countryside. It was the summer after the so-called Dardanelles disaster, and Churchill was in the midst of a deep depression, feeling that at the age of 40 his political career was all but over. It was during this visit that he noticed his sister-in-law Gwendoline painting the gardens in watercolour and she encouraged him to take up a brush. While Churchill did not take to the watercolour medium, he was intrigued by the process and oils and brushes were immediately dispatched for. The serendipitous arrival of Hazel Lavery, the wife of the painter John Lavery and an artist herself, encouraged Churchill in his endeavours and he embarked upon what would become a lifelong passion.

Churchill quickly became devoted to his new pastime, taking his paints and brushes with him on holiday, to visits with friends and setting up in his garden at home whenever there was a spare moment. For Churchill, painting required a set of precise yet intuitive skills that exercised a totally different part of his mind from that used for the cut and thrust of national politics. It was the challenge and difficulty of capturing satisfactorily the scene before him that proved such a tonic to his mind.

From the outset Churchill sought to learn as much as possible about painting technique to improve his burgeoning skills. He benefitted from knowing some of the greatest artists of the day, including, as mentioned previously, the great portraitist Sir John Lavery, but also Walter Richard Sickert and William Nicholson, who bestowed upon Churchill a great deal of wisdom and advice. Churchill also sought to study from those artists he admired, travelling to Paris with the artist Charles Montag to see the French Impressionists, and also copying the works of the great masters in order to apply their techniques. He would borrow paintings from friends such as Sir Philip Sassoon for such purposes and After Daubigny is a copy of a landscape entitled The Ferry by the French artist Charles- Francois Daubigny, which was owned by the Duke of Marlborough, Churchill’s cousin. The present work was painted in 1915 and is a rare early example of Churchill’s burgeoning passion for painting. He was clearly drawn to The Ferry, perhaps fascinated by Daubigny’s depiction of the water, the effect of light on water being a feature of so many of Churchill’s best paintings in the years to come, and he painted two further versions of the composition in same year.