The Cartoon Gallery at Hampton Court, as depicted by James Wingfield, was part of a programme of building commenced not long after the ascension of William and Mary in 1688. With the stateliness of Versailles in mind, Christopher Wren, Surveyor of the King's works, was asked to draw up plans for new private apartments, and work began in 1689. The Cartoon Gallery, part of Wren's scheme, was originally called the King's Gallery, but within a decade, it was renamed as the gallery for pictures, specifically the cartoons of the Acts of the Apostles by Raphael. This set of cartoons was commissioned by Pope Leo X in 1516 and had been purchased by Charles I in 1623, but had remained in storage, rolled up and out of view. William III, though, brought them out of storage, and they were first hung in 1697. After they came down so that the gallery could be panelled, they were reinstalled in 1699.
During the eighteenth century, the Cartoon Gallery was used for Privy Council meetings and for musical performances. The following century, in 1865, the cartoons were removed to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, where they remain to this day.
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