35
35
Antonio Joli
LONDON, A VIEW FROM THE RIVER THAMES, WITH ST PAUL'S CATHEDRAL 
35
Antonio Joli
LONDON, A VIEW FROM THE RIVER THAMES, WITH ST PAUL'S CATHEDRAL 

Details & Cataloguing

Inspired by Chatsworth: A Selling Exhibition

New York

Antonio Joli
MODENA 1700 - 1777 NAPLES
LONDON, A VIEW FROM THE RIVER THAMES, WITH ST PAUL'S CATHEDRAL 

Provenance

Possibly William, Marquis of Powis, Hendon Hall;
Possibly David Garrick, who acquired Hendon Hall circa 1756 and by descent to his nephew the Rev. Carrington Garrick;
Possibly John Bond, who bought Hendon Hall in 1790;
Possibly Brian Scotney, who bought Hendon Hall in 1822;
Samuel Ware, who acquired Hendon Hall circa 1825;
By descent to his nephew Charles Cumberlege-Warre (1807-1888) and thence by descent to a private collector;
By whom sold, London, Sotheby's, 30 November 2000, lot 5;
With Richard Green, London;
From whom acquired by the present owner.

Literature

Listed in a manuscript catalogue of the Hendon Hall collection, circa 1850, no. 44.

Catalogue Note

This beautiful view of St Paul's Cathedral, painted by Joli in the 1740 or 1750s, shows the newly restored and rebuilt London, with its breathtaking new cathedral and unparalleled skyline of Wren churches. The artist has deliberately taken a high viewpoint, thus being able to include a formidable amount of topographical detail. Clustered around St Paul's, completed in 1710, are a myriad church towers, and further to the right the Monument is clearly visible, followed on the right by the Tower of London. To the right of the composition is Old London Bridge, by the date of this picture already over six hundred years old, and providing a link with London before the Great Fire.

Joli arrived in London in 1744, several years before his celebrated kinsman and rival, Canaletto. He was clearly inspired by the freshness and air of optimism he found, and produced a number of ravishing views of London showing the Thames bustling with activity, and bearing elaborate and ornamental barges, lending a distinctly Venetian feeling to this most quintessential English view. Joli's English patrons included Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, for Chesterfield House, and John Lord Brudenell, for whom he painted a large set of views of towns which he had visited on the Grand Tour. Both Joli and Canaletto enjoyed the patronage of Charles, 2nd Duke of Richmond, who commissioned from Joli a 'View of St Paul's.... a beautiful picture and veramente di buon gusto' in 1744, prior to Canaletto's superb painting of the same view.

This painting came from the celebrated collection at Hendon Hall, an early Georgian house which was sold by the executors of William, Marquis of Powis, in 1756. The buyer was James Clutterbuck, a financier, who acquired the house for his friend David Garrick. Though his memorial was erected at Hendon, Garrick apparently never lived there, but he did arrange for his nephew the Rev. Carrington Garrick to occupy the house at Hendon, and Hendon Hall and its estate was left on trust for him upon Garrick's death. It is tempting to suggest that this view by Joli was commissioned or acquired by Garrick but it is more likely that the substantial collection of pictures at Hendon Hall was collected in the early nineteenth century by Charles Cumberlege-Warre, nephew of a later owner, Samuel Ware. An 1850 manuscript catalogue of the collection listed over two hundred paintings and sculptures, including the present work, and Frederick Earp supplied watercolour illustrations of most items. Probably the most celebrated painting in the collection was a ceiling by Tiepolo which was acquired from the Wrightson collection by the National Gallery in Washington. The collection covered a wide range of artists including Veronese, Reni, Hals, Giordano, Guardi, Vernet, and another work by Joli depicting Paestum.

Inspired by Chatsworth: A Selling Exhibition

New York