Lot 31
  • 31

PABLO PICASSO | Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste

Estimate
4,000,000 - 6,000,000 USD
Sold
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Description

  • Pablo Picasso
  • Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste
  • Signed Picasso (lower left)
  • Oil on panel
  • 14 by 8 3/4  in.
  • 35 by 22 cm
  • Painted in Barcelona in 1901.

Provenance

Olivier Sainsère, Paris (likely acquired from the artist)

Private Collection (by descent from the above and until at least 1961 when deposited with Durand-Ruel for photography)

Henry Zimet Foundation, New York (and sold: Sotheby & Co., London, October 23, 1963, lot 9)

Mr. & Mrs. Paul Mellon, Virginia (acquired at the above sale and sold: Christie’s, New York, November 15, 1983, lot 30)

Private Collection (acquired at the above sale and sold: Guy Loudmer, Paris, June 19, 1988, lot 36)

Gallery Nichido, Japan (acquired at the above sale)

Private Collection, Japan (acquired from the above in 1988)

Acquired from the above

Exhibited

(possibly) Paris, Galerie Ambroise Vollard, Exposition de tableaux de F. Iturrino et de P.R. Picasso, 1901, no. 53 (titled Madrilena

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Paintings From Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition, 1962, no. 64 (titled Head of a Woman)

Washington, D.C., The National Gallery of Art, 25th Anniversary Exhibition: French Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon and Mrs. Mellon Bruce, 1966, no. 196, illustrated in the catalogue

Literature

Joan Merli, Picasso, el artista y la obra de nuestro tiempo, Buenos Aires, 1942, no. 22, illustrated p. 137 (titled Retrato de Mujer)

Fred A. van Braam, ed., World Collectors Annuary, vol. XV, Delft, 1963, no. 3783, p. 362

Robin Wraight, “Record season in the London salerooms” in Studio International, vol. 168, London, October 1964, illustrated p. 160

Pierre Daix & Georges Boudaille, Picasso. The Blue and Rose Periods. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings, 1900-1906, Greenwich, 1967, no. V. 56, illustrated p. 181

Christian Zervos, Pablo Picasso, Supplèment aux Années 1892-1902, vol. XXI, Paris, 1969, no. 230, illustrated pl. 89

Josep Palau i Fabre, Picasso, The Early Years, 1881-1907, New York, 1980, no. 556, illustrated p. 224

William Rubin, ed., Picasso and Portraiture: Representation and Transformation (exhibition catalogue), New York, The Museum of Modern Art & Paris, Grand Palais, 1996-97, illustrated in color p. 229 (titled Portrait of a Young Woman (Lola?))

Catalogue Note

A hauntingly elegant portrayal of the artist’s sister, the present work features one of Picasso’s most favored early subjects. Just a few years younger than Picasso himself, Maria Dolores Ruiz “Lola” Picasso, was seventeen at the time this work was painted. A beautiful young woman and convenient model, Lola appears in Picasso’s works as early as 1894 and is witnessed in transition from adolescence to the cusp of adulthood as seen in the present work and slightly earlier compositions (see figs. 1 & 2). As Marilyn McCully stated in the catalogue for the 1996 exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art, “Lola sometimes appears as a distant and enigmatic young girl with her doll, sometimes as a typically Andalusian maja. Other portraits of her reflect Picasso's response to the contemporary Catalan modernista movement: in some paintings she appears in diaphanous whites, while in others she is seared in the vague light of Symbolist-inspired modernista interiors. His personal adaptation of a fashionable fin-de-siècle graphic style also gives Lola an air of modern sophistication in his portraits of her” (W. Rubin, ed., op. cit., p. 228). Painted in Barcelona in 1901, Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste comes from a period of great transition for the nineteen-year old Picasso and was likely exhibited in the historic and career-defining Vollard exhibition of the same year. With help from Pere Mañach, a Catalan dealer who was known for his support and promotion of young Spanish artists, Picasso quickly made inroads with buyers and gallerists upon his arrival in Paris. By the spring of 1901, Mañach had secured an exhibition of Picasso’s works at the larger gallery of Ambroise Vollard; an impressive accomplishment for the relatively unknown young Spaniard who admired artists like Cézanne, van Gogh and Gauguin whom the dealer represented. The 1901 Vollard exhibition would come to define the trajectory of Picasso’s career, propelling the young artist onto the international stage and witnessing a stylistic shift from the Spanish-influenced works of his youngest days to the exuberant Paris scenes which followed. The critical reception to the show was resoundingly positive, placing Picasso at the fore of an artistic revolution: “…Picasso, the brilliant newcomer. He is the painter, utterly and beautifully the painter; he has the power of divining the essence of things… He is enamored of all subjects, and every subject is his” (F. Fagus quoted in J. Richardson, A Life of Picasso, vol. I, New York, 1991, p. 199).

Likely displayed in the 1901 Vollard show, Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste also documents a time of crisis in the artist’s personal life. A few months prior to the exhibition, Picasso learned about the suicide of his closest friend Carles Casagemas while away in Madrid. Awash in grief but still obligated to create works for the upcoming exhibition, Picasso headed back to Paris at the behest of Mañach, stopping in Barcelona for about ten days along the way. It is from this dolorous interim which Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste comes. Absent in the present work are the bright swathes of color and flashy markers of Parisian cabaret life of many of Picasso’s subsequent 1901 compositions, featuring instead a focused image of a beloved family member. Rendered in subtle blues, grays and hints of yellow, the luminous pallor of Lola’s visage draws the viewer in, contrasted against the swelling blues and blacks of her neckwear, hair and background. Her keenly arched brows and a sidelong glance suggest a more somber, knowing awareness not seen in Picasso’s earlier portrayals of Lola. The tragic loss of Casagemas at this time likely recalled an earlier watershed moment for the artist, the death of Picasso’s youngest sister Conchita in 1895. The successive losses provoked in Picasso a period of deep reflection and resulted in the empathetic and lugubrious works which would define the artist’s iconic Blue Period in the following years (see figs. 3 & 4).

In contrast to the deliberate and tenebrous oil-on-panel rendering of Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste, the works which Picasso executed after returning to Paris present distinctly French-inspired scenes of parks, boulevards, brothels and café life, often painted in quick, colorful swathes of oil on cardboard (see figs. 5 & 6). During this time, Picasso’s financial constraints often dictated his compositions, with the artist often using and re-using the affordable materials at hand and sketching or painting on the backs of his works—a habit dating back to his time in Spain.

An historic work in time and place, Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artist can be traced to a number of prestigious collections. Olivier Sainsère, a prominent politician and patron of the arts, likely acquired this painting from Picasso soon after its creation. Sainsère supported many modern avant-garde painters in Paris at the beginning of the twentieth century and discovered Picasso at the Galerie Berthe Weill, becoming one of his earliest collectors in 1901 and even assisting him with his French residency permit. Many works owned by Sainsère now enrich the collections of some of the world’s greatest museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Louvre and the Musée d’Orsay. Portrait de Lola, soeur de l’artiste later belonged to Mr. & Mrs. Paul Mellon who are best remembered for their generous philanthropy and acclaimed art collection.

The reverse of the present work reveals an assortment sketches—the most recognizable of which are of a nun and monocled gentleman—and finds resonance with the incisive drawings of his friends at Els Quatres Gats. Brimming with a newfound sense of independence, the young artist had moved from Madrid to Barcelona in 1899, where free from the oversight of his instructors and painter father, he’d taught himself how to draw. Picasso quickly became a fixture at the café Els Quatres Gats, cultivating a lively social circle at the modernista hub and recording the days and nights spent there with his friends and fellow artists like Miquel Utrillo (see figs. 7 & 8).

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