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PROPERTY FROM AN IMPORTANT EUROPEAN COLLECTION

Barkley L Hendricks (1945 - 2017)
YOCKS
Estimate
900,0001,200,000
LOT SOLD. 3,740,000 USD
JUMP TO LOT
40

PROPERTY FROM AN IMPORTANT EUROPEAN COLLECTION

Barkley L Hendricks (1945 - 2017)
YOCKS
Estimate
900,0001,200,000
LOT SOLD. 3,740,000 USD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

|
New York

Barkley L Hendricks (1945 - 2017)
YOCKS
signed
oil and acrylic on canvas
72 1/8 by 42 in. 183.2 by 106.7 cm.
Executed in 1975.
Read Condition Report Read Condition Report

Provenance

ACA Galleries Inc., New York 
Private Collection, New Jersey (acquired from the above)
Private Collection, United States (thence by descent from the above)
Sotheby's New York, May 19, 2017, Lot 187 (consigned by the above)
Acquired by the present owner from the above

Exhibited

Wichita, Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Barkley Hendricks: Paintings, February - March 1976 
New Orleans, New Orleans Museum of Art, Prospect.4: The Lotus in Spite of the Swamp, November 2017 - February 2018 

Literature

Exh. Cat., Durham, Duke University, Nasher Museum of Art (and travelling), Barkley L. Hendricks: Birth of the Cool, February 2008 - April 2010, p. 123, no. 21, illustrated in color

Catalogue Note

Confronting the viewer with brazen directness and suave elegance, Yocks from 1975 is a resounding testament to Barkley Hendricks’ radical reinvention of portraiture in the late twentieth century and his unrivaled capacity to conjure compelling personalities with astounding specificity. Exemplary of the distinct style that distinguished Hendricks as a contemporary realist painter, Yocks speaks not only to Hendricks’ extensive familiarity with the conventions of traditional portraiture, but also to his unique absorption of these techniques as a means of reclaiming a status rarely afforded to minority figures within canonical art history. In the present work, Hendricks conveys the likeness of his subjects with a photorealistic attention to detail, carefully attending to and playfully manipulating color, scale, and compositional framing to achieve a desired tone.

Hendricks often took as his subjects members of his own community, including family, friends, and individuals who caught his attention on the street; Hendricks based the present portrait on two men he met while in Boston, explaining: “There was the shine of the green leather coat and the ‘bling’ of the gold teeth…Yock was the name given to a dude who knew how to ‘rag.’ Rick Powell would call them dandies.” (The artist cited  in Kristine Stiles and Peter Selz, Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art: a Sourcebook of Artists' Writings, Berkeley, 2012, p. 263). While the two figures here are clearly posed for the present portrait, they do not appear at all contrived, and instead project an effortless, cool indifference. With their decadent leather jackets, stylized platform shoes, twin toothpicks and the undeniably lush white fur collar on the right figure, these men are indeed Yocks – modern day dandies as seen through Hendricks’ eyes. Within the rich intensity of the figures' garb, minute brushstrokes differentiate the various fabrics and items of clothing that the two men wear; with impressive dexterity and technical prowess, Hendricks effortlessly reveals the textured furred lapels and shimmering folds on his subjects’ outfits. Hendricks’ careful handling of brush and paint effortlessly distinguishes between various fabric materials – luxuriant rich fur, weathered leather, and intricate embroidery – and attends to subtle nuances in the fabrics’ folds and wrinkles. His photorealist style, derived from his tightly rendered brushstrokes, imbues the composition as a whole with a velvety smoothness. Against the sparse backdrop of white, the entirety of the viewer’s focus descends upon the two figures presented here: Hendricks lends no additional context to situate them in time or space, instead forcing the viewer to attend carefully to what is there and complicating a simple, linear art historical narrative. Yocks reinvigorates the Victorian legacy of dandyism with a relevant, contemporary spirit, thus expanding and reimagining the possibilities of black male expression within this context. Remarking on Hendricks’s artistic ingenuity, art critic Janet Koplos notes: “…Hendricks tweaks his format and pushes his colors, so the portraits all have punch. One responds to color, to pose, to costume, to facial expression. The works seem intensely considered.” (Janet Koplos, “Flashback,” Art in America, February 24, 2009)

Born in Philadelphia in 1945, Hendricks attended the prestigious Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. It was during his years at PAFA that Hendricks first visited the legendary European art centers that would prove to have a lasting effect on his idiosyncratic brand of portraiture, observing first hand such technical feats as Hans Holbein the Younger’s meticulous attention to fabric and details in the folds of a sitter’s clothing and Gustav Klimt’s exquisite renderings of three-dimensional figures against a luminous, flat ground. Hendricks’ engagement with these art historical icons extends beyond the similarities in rendering of paint; in the present work, Hendricks absorbs and transforms the techniques of the Old Masters, making evident his own mastery of paint and color by simulating distinct textures, shadows, and depth with remarkable skill. While Hendricks admired and learned from his art historical antecedents, he emphatically challenged the narrow preexisting parameters of canonical portraiture that his forebearers set forth, introducing into this lineage with uncompromising confidence and mesmerizing coolness the black figure. As summarized by art historian Trevor Schoonmaker, curator of the artist’s celebrated travelling retrospective exhibition organized by the Nasher Museum between 2008-2010: “Hendricks stands out as an artist ahead of his time. His work has defied easy categorization, and his unique individualism has landed him outside of the mainstream, but his bold and empowering portrayal of those who have been overlooked and underappreciated has positioned him squarely in the hearts of many…By representing the black body in new and challenging ways, Hendricks’ pioneering work has unwittingly helped pave the way for future generations of artists of color to work with issues of identity through representation of the black figure. Today his body of work is as vital and vibrant as ever, and it should prove him to be a lasting figure in the history of American art.” (Trevor Schoonmaker, “Birth of the Cool,” in Exh. Cat., Durham, Duke University, Nasher Museum of Art (and travelling), Barkley L. Hendricks: Birth of the Cool, 2008, p. 36)

Hendricks’ artistic privileging of a culturally complex black figure in the 1970s is today celebrated as radically groundbreaking and visionary. And yet, despite the socio-political implications of his revolutionary body of portraiture, Hendricks rejected a narrowly prescribed understanding of his work as solely a reflection of his racial identity, stating: “Anything a black person does in terms of the figure is put into a 'political' category…I paint because I like to paint.” (The artist cited in Karen Rosenberg, “Barkley L. Hendricks on Why You Shouldn't Call Him a Political Artist,” Artspace, March 15, 2016) Indeed, Hendricks’s technical brilliance is not to be overlooked. The artist’s dexterous manipulation of paint, highly evident in the dazzling textural depth and tonal complexity of Yocks, establishes the notion that beauty, although culturally specific, possesses a universality that transcends race.

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

|
New York