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Jeff Koons
WALL RELIEF WITH BIRD
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Property in which Sotheby's has an ownership interest. Lots with this symbol indicate that Sotheby's owns the lot in whole or in part or has an economic interest in the lot equivalent to an ownership interest.
1,500,0002,000,000
LOT SOLD. 1,845,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
34
Jeff Koons
WALL RELIEF WITH BIRD
Estimate
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
Double Dagger
Indicates that the lot is being sold whilst subject to Temporary Importation, and that VAT is due at the reduced rate
Sotheby's Ownership Interest
Property in which Sotheby's has an ownership interest. Lots with this symbol indicate that Sotheby's owns the lot in whole or in part or has an economic interest in the lot equivalent to an ownership interest.
1,500,0002,000,000
LOT SOLD. 1,845,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

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London

Jeff Koons
B.1955
WALL RELIEF WITH BIRD
incised with the artist's signature, dated 91 and numbered 1/3
polychromed wood
182.9 by 127 by 68.6 cm. 72 by 50 by 27 in.
This work is number 1 from an edition of 3, plus 1 artist's proof.
Read Condition Report Read Condition Report

Provenance

Sonnabend Gallery, New York
Private Collection, New York
Gagosian Gallery, New York
Acquired from the above by the previous owner in August 2002

Exhibited

New York, Sonnabend Gallery; Cologne, Galerie Max Hetzler; and Lausanne, Galerie Lehmann, Made in Heaven, November 1991 - May 1992 (edition no. unknown)
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum; Aarhus, Aarhus Kunstmuseum; and Stuttgart, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Jeff Koons Retrospektiv, November 1992 - April 1993, p. 81, illustrated in colour (Amsterdam and Stuttgart); and p. 78, no. 60, illustrated in colour (Aarhus), (edition no. unknown)
New York, Gagosian Gallery, Jeff Koons, Andy Warhol: Flowers, November - December 2002, cover and pp. 12-13 and 18, illustrated in colour (the present work)
New York, C&M Arts, Jeff Koons: Highlights of 25 Years, April - June 2004, pp. 52-53, no. 16 and no. 85, illustrated in colour (edition 2/3)
Riehen, Foundation Beyeler, Flower Myth – From Vincent Van Gogh to Jeff Koons, February - May 2005, pp. 83, 195 and 208, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Humlebaek, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Flower as image: Araki, Arp, Blossfeldt, Cardoso, Cézanne, Corinth, Cunningham, Cook, Edmier, Ensor, Ernst, Fautrier, Frandsen, Gauguin, Goncharova, Hockney, Hume, Kelly, Klein, Koons, Kounellis, Léger, Manet, Mapplethorpe, Matisse, Milhazes, Mondrian, Monet, Monticel, September 2004 - January 2005 (edition no. unknown)
London, Tate Modern; Hamburg, Hamburger Kunsthalle; and Ottawa, The National Gallery of Canada, POP Life: Art in a Material World, October 2009 - September 2010, p. 140, illustrated in colour (edition no. 3/3)
Frankfurt, Liebieghaus Skulpturensammlung, Jeff Koons: The Sculptor, June - September 2012, p. 140, illustrated in colour (edition 3/3)
New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years, September - December 2012, p. 140, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Jeff Koons: A Retrospective, June - October 2014, pp. 131 and 300, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)

Literature

Angelika Muthesius, Ed., Jeff Koons, Cologne 1992, pp. 142 (in installation at Made in Heaven, Sonnabend Gallery, New York, 1991), 143 and frontispiece (detail), illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Anthony d'Offay Gallery, The Jeff Koons Handbook, London 1992, p. 139, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Burkhard Riemschneider, Ed., Jeff Koons: 30 Postcards, Cologne 1992, n.p., illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
John Caldwell and Jeff Koons et al., Jeff Koons, San Francisco 1992, n.p., no. 61, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Santiago de Compostela, Centro Galego de Arte Contemporanea, Santiago de Compostela 1995, p. 145 (text), (edition no. unknown)
Exh. Cat., Zurich, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zeichen & Wunder: Niko Pirosmani (1862 - 1918) und die Kunst der Gegenwart, March - June 1995, p. 129, no. 8, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Exh. Cat., Bielefeld, Kunsthaus Bielefeld, Jeff Koons: Pictures 1980 - 2002, September - November 2002, p. 24, illustrated in colour (installation view), (edition no. unknown)
Hans Werner Holzwarth, Ed., Jeff Koons, Cologne 2007 and 2009, p. 370 (2007); and p. 380 (2009), illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Peter Richter, ‘I heart Jeff Koons’, BMW Magazine, Autumn 2010, p. 55, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Raphaël Bouvier, Jeff Koons - Der Künstler als Täufer, Munich 2012, p. 266, no. 43, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Exh Cat., Paris, Centre Pompidou, Jeff Koons: La Retrospective, November 2014 April 2015, pp. 139, no. 80 and 300, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Exh Cat., Bilbao, Guggenhem Museum Bilbao, Jeff Koons: Retrospectiva, June - September 2015, p. 135, no. 80, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Hans Werner Holzwarth, Koons, Cologne 2015, p. 50, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)
Gagosian Gallery, Gagosian Quarterly, New York 2016, p. 152, illustrated in colour (edition no. unknown)

Catalogue Note

“In Wall Relief with Bird there is a bird pollinating these large flowers. The imagery to me is about penetration. It’s also about fertility and pollination, and the eternal.” 
Jeff Koons cited in: Exh. Cat., New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Regarding Warhol, 2012, p. 197.

From a lush bed of verdant green leaves, bright wildflowers spring forth, animating Jeff Koons’s Wall Relief with Bird (1991). Emanating vibrant hues of red, pink, white and yellow, these wondrous flowers appear to take on a life beyond their polychromed wood material; their petals reach outward and seemingly bloom before our eyes. At the centre of the relief, the viewer observes an idyll of nature: a happy hummingbird flutters about the large white blossom, sipping its nectar. Indeed, to see a hummingbird – one of the animal kingdom’s most nimble and brightly coloured members – is joyous, and in this instance the bird’s presence effortlessly completes Koons’s utopian image. Here, the natural world is an idealised paradise, and in turn, life and abundance are clearly celebrated. Koons further explains, “In Wall Relief with Bird there is a bird pollinating these large flowers. The imagery to me is about penetration. It’s also about fertility and pollination, and the eternal” (Jeff Koons cited in: Exh. Cat., New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Regarding Warhol, 2012, p. 197). As such, Wall Relief with Bird is underscored by an omnipresent sense of sexuality. These seductive flowers are more than just brightly decorated and lively sculptures – they welcome pollination, opening outward from the wall to entice the viewer to move closer; they embody what author Daniel Pinchbeck describes as “an uncanny aliveness” (Daniel Pinchbeck in: Exh. Cat., New York, Gagosian Gallery, Jeff Koons Andy Warhol Flowers, 2001, p. 6).

Though Wall Relief with Bird stands on its own as an impressive and engaging work of art, it is all the more desirable for its inclusion in Koons’s famed body of work, Made in Heaven (1989-1991). This large, overtly sexual and often unapologetically graphic series grew from a simple seed when the Whitney Museum of American Art invited Koons to create a billboard for the 1989 media and contemporary art themed exhibition, Image World. Focusing on the pornography industry, Koons enlisted the international porn star Ilona Staller, as his readymade, and the resulting billboard (a steamy movie advertisement featuring the duo) served as the inspiration for what became a prolific creative endeavour. Unveiled in its entirety at Sonnabend Gallery in 1991, Made in Heaven juxtaposed explicit sexual images of Koons and Staller – male orgasm, oral penetration and genitalia close-ups, to name but a few – with cheerful, brightly coloured neo-kitsch statues of puppies and flowers. Three PuppiesYorkshire Terriers and Large Vase of Flowers were, like Wall Relief with Bird, crucial and friendly counterpoints to the X-rated escapades detailed throughout the rest of the exhibition. The overall effect was, needless to say, shocking, and exhibition attendance skyrocketed.

Furthermore, with the Made in Heaven series, Koons successfully blurred the lines between art, life and media – and he did so to an extent far beyond that of any of his predecessors. His real-life romance with Staller, most notably, was highly publicised as it grew from an artist-muse relationship to an eventual marriage. When they married in Budapest, the nuptial ceremony was covered by news media globally in more than one thousand articles. Curator Scott Rothkopf succinctly reiterates this point by writing of Koons, “He responded to and helped shape the zeitgeist by abrading the distinction between the content of his work and the media spectacle it inspired” (Scott Rothkopt in: Exh. Cat., London, Tate Modern, Pop Life, 2009, p. 44).

Meanwhile, the zeitgeist of the '90s was also deeply defined by the transgressive agendas of Koons’s contemporaries in the face of political conservatism. Robert Mapplethorpe, for one, provoked outrage in the early part of the decade when he exhibited the homoerotic photographs of X Portfolio; Andres Serrano’s Piss Christ (1987) likewise met scandal when it was shown in 1989. Yet whereas Mapplethorpe’s and Serrano’s art faced censorship as a result of its taboo content, Koons’s Pop culture aesthetic differentiated his work despite its controversial nature. Art historian Katy Siegel explains, “The props, colors, and sentiments of Made in Heaven all speak of the middle class. The images were not rendered in voguish grainy video or artsy snapshots, but rather in high production-value craft media like glass and carved wood, as well as oil (inks) on canvas. And they were accompanied by super-saccharine sculptures of floral arrangements and dogs, looking as if they had wandered in from a Disney movie” (Katy Siegel cited in: Hans Werner Holzwarth, Ed., Jeff Koons, Cologne, 2009, p. 310).

Wall Relief with Bird is no doubt one such sculpture. Not purely Edenic, but in actuality skewed by mass media, commercialism and artificiality, this relief ultimately displays what curator Mark Rosenthal calls, “a kind of unnatural glitz” (Mark Rosenthal in: op. cit., p. 135). Like Andy Warhol’s flower paintings before (which Rosenthal considers to “have a kind of false exquisiteness in comparison to any flowers from life”), Koons’s floral relief similarly conveys a sort of synthetic lushness (Ibid.). This falsity, it can be argued, has also infiltrated our cultural reception of sex. Koons’s decision to contrast cartoonish pets, birds and flowers with images of raw sexuality therefore functions as commentary on our naïve relationship to sex – this is a dramatic clash of fantasy and reality. Curator John Caldwell clarifies, “Sex, probably more than any other element in our culture, exists for us today as an amalgam of what we know from experience and what we know from the image world of television, advertising and the movies” (John Cladwell in: Exh. Cat., San Francisco, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Jeff Koons, 1992, p. 140).

Of course, Koons’s romantic portrayal of sexuality and love is not entirely a contemporary phenomenon. On the contrary, it is informed by rich artistic traditions rooted in the Baroque, Rococo and Romantic periods. The atmospheric green, white and pink palette of Wall Relief with Bird specifically calls to mind the blissful gardens of Fragonard’s lovers, as much as Rachel Ruysch’s Still-Life with Flowers (circa 1700, Hallwyl Museum, Stockholm). Its evocation of the Rococo masterpieces is so powerful that it comes as no surprise Koons began to employ genuine living flowers in his work (notably the critically acclaimed and monumental Puppy of 1992) directly after creating Wall Relief with Bird.

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

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